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Therapeutic targets for endothelial dysfunction in vascular diseases

Archives of Pharmacal Research 2019년 42권 10호 p.848 ~ 861
 ( Huynh Diem Thi Ngoc ) - Chungnam National University College of Pharmacy Department of Pharmacology

 ( Heo Kyung-Sun ) - Chungnam National University College of Pharmacy Department of Pharmacology

Abstract


Vascular endothelial cells are located on the surface of the blood vessels. It has been recognized as an important barrier to the regulation of vascular homeostasis by regulating the blood flow of micro- or macrovascular vessels. Indeed, endothelial dysfunction is an initial stage of vascular diseases and is an important prognostic indicator of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases such as atherosclerosis, hypertension, heart failure, or diabetes. Therefore, in order to develop therapeutic targets for vascular diseases, it is important to understand the key factors involved in maintaining endothelial function and the signaling pathways affecting endothelial dysfunction. The purpose of this review is to describe the function and underlying signaling pathway of oxidative stress, inflammatory factors, shear stress, and epigenetic factors in endothelial dysfunction, and introduce recent therapeutic targets for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

키워드

Atherosclerosis; Endothelial dysfunction; Epigenetic factors; Inflammation; Oxidative stress; Shear stress
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