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Potential implications of hydrogen peroxide in the pathogenesis and therapeutic strategies of gliomas

Archives of Pharmacal Research 2020년 43권 2호 p.187 ~ 203
 ( Zhou Ying ) - Fujian Medical University School of Basic Medical Sciences Institute for Translational Medicine

 ( Wang Long ) - Fujian Medical University School of Basic Medical Sciences Institute for Translational Medicine
 ( Wang Chaojia ) - Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine First Clinical Medical College
 ( Wu Yilin ) - Sun Yat-Sen University Seventh Affiliated Hospital
 ( Chen Dongmei ) - Fujian Medical University School of Basic Medical Sciences Institute for Translational Medicine
 ( Lee Tae-Ho ) - Fujian Medical University School of Basic Medical Sciences Institute for Translational Medicine

Abstract


Glioma is the most common type of primary brain tumor, and it has a high mortality rate. Currently, there are only a few therapeutic approaches for gliomas, and their effects are unsatisfactory. Therefore, uncovering the pathogenesis and exploring more therapeutic strategies for the treatment of gliomas are urgently needed to overcome the ongoing challenges. Cellular redox imbalance has been shown to be associated with the initiation and progression of gliomas. Among reactive oxygen species (ROS), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is considered the most suitable for redox signaling and is a potential candidate as a key molecule that determines the fate of cancer cells. In this review, we discuss the potential cellular and molecular roles of H2O2 in gliomagenesis and explore the potential implications of H2O2 in radiotherapy and chemotherapy and in the ongoing challenges of current glioma treatment. Moreover, we evaluate H2O2 as a potential redox sensor and potential driver molecule of nanocatalytic therapeutic strategies for glioma treatment.

키워드

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2); Glioma; Redox therapy; Reactive oxygen species (ROS); Glioblastoma
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