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보육시설의 영양사 배치를 통한 영양교육 및 효과 평가

The Effectiveness of Nutrition Education Provided by Dietitians in Child Care Centers

대한지역사회영양학회지 2007년 12권 3호 p.299 ~ 309
KMID : 0123420070120030299
장혜자 ( Chang Hye-Ja ) - 단국대학교 자연과학대학 식품영양학과

고은선 ( Ko Eun-Seon ) - 단국대학교 자연과학대학 식품영양학과

Abstract

최근 맞벌이 가족의 증가와 라이프 스타일의 다양화로 낮시간 동안에 가정이외의 장소에서 부모의 양육과 보호를 대신하는 시설이 증가하고 있다. 영유아 보육시설은 보호자가 근로자, 질병, 기타 사정으로 인해 아동을 보육하기 어려운 경우에 보호자의 위탁을 받아 아동을 보호해 주는 시설(여성 가족부 2006)로 정의되며, 최근에는 보호자의 위탁을 받아6세 미만의 취학전 아동인 영유아를 보육하는 시설로 개념이 확대되고 있다. 영·유아기의 아동 성장 발달은 일생의 어느 시기보다도 질적, 양적으로 빠르게 성장하는 중요 시기이다. 특히 두뇌의 성장과 신체의 제반 조절 기능이 발달하는 시기이며, 식행동의 변화와 사회인지 능력의 발달과 자기 의사 표현이 뚜렷해지는 시기이다(장 2006). 어린이의 식품 섭취 양상은 양육자의 식행동을 모방하는 것으로 보고된 바, 양육자는 영유아의 중요한 역할 모델자로 간주된다(Lorie 2006).

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition education with nutrition services provided by
dietitians who were placed in child care facilities from the Korean Dietetic Association. For this, we investigated the
levels of nutrition knowledge and dietary intakes of children who attended child-care centers as well as dietary practices of children assessed by their parents. The treatment for children consisted of nutrition education and food service activities that are provided by the dietitian who have 3 to 5 years experience. Nutrition education was implemented during 10 weeks, 20 times, and a total 400 min and it’s effectiveness was evaluated by questionnaire. Data were obtained for 123 children aged 4 to 5 years old who attended four child-care centers, one for a control group and 3 for intervention groups. Dietary intakes were investigated by measuring one-serving size and plate waste a of child for one-day dietary records before and after nutrition education. The levels of nutrition knowledge of children improved showing 70.80 points before to 83.45 points after nutrition education (p < 0.001). Dietary intakes of the children after nutrition service increased significantly on cooked rice (133.66 g), Kimchi (19.41 g), side dish of meat/fish (48.40 g), and side dish of vegetables (24.88 g). Dietary practices of children after treatment also improved especially ‘eat diverse meat, fish, egg, and bean’ and ‘never leave plate waste’. To summarize, this study pointed out that nutrition service and nutrition education provided by dietitians had influences on increases of the nutrition knowledge, dietary intake, and dietary practices. Therefore, placement of dietitians needs to extend to child care facilities from the 100 persons-over-capacity facility to the 50 persons-over-capacity facility, for providing professional service such as nutrition education and nutrition counseling. (Korean J Community Nutrition 12(3) : 299~309, 2007)
KeyWords

child care center, nutrition education, placement of dietitian, dietary intake, dietary practices
원문 및 링크아웃 정보
등재저널 정보
학술진흥재단(KCI)