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KMID : 0123420070120040489
대한지역사회영양학회지
2007년 12권 4호 p.489 ~ p.500

서울시 중·고등학생들의 학교아침급식 참여 의사에 영향을 미치는 요인


Factors Affecting Intention to Participate in School Breakfast Programs of Middle and High School Students in Seoul

김양숙 ( Kim Yang-Suk ) - 서울대학교 식품영양학과

윤지현 ( Yoon Ji-Hyun ) - 서울대학교 생활과학대학 식품영양학과
김행란 ( Kim Haeng-Ran ) - 농업과학기술원 농촌자원개발연구소
권성옥 ( Kwon Sung-Ok ) - 농업과학기술원 농촌자원개발연구소

Abstract

2005년 국민건강·영양조사에 의하면 13~19세 청소년들의 아침결식률이 23.0%로 20대의 38.0% 다음으로 높은 수준이었다(보건복지부 2006). 청소년기는 성장과 활동에 필요한 영양 요구량이 많아지는 시기로 이 시기의 아침 결식 등의 부적절한 식습관은 하루 필요 영양소량을 충족시키지못하고 영양공급의 불균형을 초래하여 청소년의 건강상태에 영향을 주게 된다. 청소년들의 아침결식은 우리나라뿐만 아니라 세계 각국이 직면하고 있는 문제로서 미국, 영국, 캐나다 등의 몇몇 국가에서는 학교에서 학생들에게 아침식사를 제공함으로써 청소년들의 아침결식을 줄이기 위해 노력하고 있다(Kennedy & Davis 1998; Shemilt 등 2004; Ottawa Community Research Institute 2007). 이 중 미국의 경우, 세계에서 최초로 시범사업으로 저소득층 학생들과 장거리 통학 학생
들을 대상으로 학교아침급식 프로그램(School breakfast programs)을 시작하였고 이후 미국 전역의 상설 프로그램으로 확립하였다(Unite States Department of Agriculture(USDA) 2007). 현재까지 지속적으로 학교아침급식 프로그램에 참여하는 학교와 학생수가 지속적으로 증가하고 있으며, 근래에는 모든 학생들을 대상으로 한 무료 학교 아침급식 프로그램을 검토 중에 있다(USDA 2004).
The purpose of this study was to determine factors affecting intention to participate in school breakfast programs of middle and high school students in Seoul using the Theory of Planned Behavior. Out of 2,280 questionnaires distributed to the middle and high school students, 2,060 were returned (90.4% response rate) and 1,799 were analyzed (78.9% analysis rate). To determine factors affecting intention to participate in school breakfast programs, logistic regression analyses were conducted for middle and high school students, respectively. For logistic regression, data of 1,217 out of 1,799 students (637 middle and 580 high school students) were used after excluding 582 students which had an answer ‘Not sure’ to the question about intention to participate in school breakfast programs. In case of middle school students, male than female students (OR = 1.504), the students who skipped all breakfast (OR = 1.851), who ate breakfast 1~2 times (OR = 3.474) or 3~4 times (OR = 1.950) than those who ate breakfast everyday during weekdays of the previous week were more likely to participate in school breakfast programs. In case of high school students, male than female (OR = 1.967), the students who skipped all breakfast (OR = 4.187), the students who ate breakfast 1~2 times (OR = 3.024) or 3~4 times (OR = 2.095) than those who ate breakfast everyday during weekdays of the previous week were more likely to participate in school breakfast programs. In addition, both possibility of middle and high school students’ participation in school breakfast programs increased as the satisfaction with school lunch service (OR = 1.704, 1.653) increased. Middle school students who perceived their household income level ‘low or middle low’ (OR = 1.999) than those who perceived their household income level ‘middle’ and the students who had more positive ‘attitude’ (OR = 1.311) toward eating breakfast were more likely to participate in school breakfast programs. However, high school students who had higher ‘perceived difficulty in access to breakfast’ (OR = 1.370) were more likely to participate in school breakfast programs. The results of this study could be useful data to plan and develop school breakfast programs in Korea. (Korean J Community Nutrition 12(4) : 489~500, 2007)
KeyWords

school breakfast programs, participation, theory of planned behavior, logistic regression, middle and high school students
원문 및 링크아웃 정보
등재저널 정보
학술진흥재단(KCI)