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유아에서 영양섭취와 알레르기성 비염과의 관련성 - 2013년∼2016년 국민건강영양조사 자료이용 -

Relation of Nutritional Intake and Allergic Rhinitis in Infants - Using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2013~2016 -

대한지역사회영양학회지 2019년 24권 4호 p.321 ~ 330
허은실 ( Her Eun-Sil ) - 창신대학교 식품영양학과

서보영 ( Seo Bo-Yeong ) - 창신대학교 식품영양학과

Abstract


Objectives: This study examined the relationship between the presence of allergic rhinitis and the nutritional intake levels of Korean infants.

Methods: The study involved a total of 1,214 infant subjects aged 1~5 months from the 2013~2016 KNHNES (Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey).
The Subjects were classified into two groups based on the presence of allergic rhinitis: Non-allergic rhinitis infants (NARI, n=1,088) and allergic rhinitis infants (ARI, n=126).
The general characteristics and family history of allergies, nutrient intake status, nutrient supplement intake, and breast milk and baby food start period data of the two groups were compared. All statistical analyses accounted for the complex sampling design effect and sampling weights.

Results: The mean age was 0.5 years old in the ARI group compared to the NARI group. In the residence, the rate of urban was higher in ARI. The family history revealed a significant difference between the two groups, particularly those of mothers rather than fathers. The nutrient intake levels were high in energy, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, iron, riboflavin, niacin, and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Breastfeeding was significantly higher in the ARI group than in the NARI group. The baby food start period was 0.3 months earlier in NARI group than in ARI group. The height, body weight, and birth weight were higher in ARI group than NARI group. The result of Odds ratio analysis showed that excess energy, protein, calcium, phosphorus, iron, riboflavin, and niacin intake increases the risk of allergic rhinitis.

Conclusions: These results can be used as data to develop nutrition guidelines for allergic rhinitis infants.

키워드

infants; nutritional intake level; OR of allergic rhinitis
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