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Effects of Orbital Decompression on Lamina Cribrosa Depth in Patients with Graves' Orbitopathy

Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 2019년 33권 5호 p.436 ~ 445
 ( Seo Yu-Ri ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Severance Hospital Department of Ophthalmology

 ( Shin Woo-Beom ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Severance Hospital Department of Ophthalmology
 ( Bae Hyoung-Won ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Severance Hospital Department of Ophthalmology
윤진숙 ( Yoon Jin-Sook ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Severance Hospital Department of Ophthalmology

Abstract


Purpose: We sought to investigate the effects of Graves' orbitopathy (GO) and orbital decompression on lamina cribrosa depth (LCD) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography.

Methods: Forty eyes that underwent orbital decompression to relieve compressive optic neuropathy or correct disfiguring exophthalmos in the context of GO were included. Subjects were imaged with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography before surgery and at 1 and 3 months after surgery, at which the examiner measured the LCD (distance from the anterior surface of the lamina cribrosa to the Bruch membrane opening line) and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness. Subjects were divided into two groups?a muscle-dominant group composed of patients who had extraocular muscle enlargement on preoperative orbital computed tomography scan and a fat-dominant group composed of patients who did not show extraocular muscle enlargement on preoperative orbital computed tomography scan?and subgroup analysis was performed. Preoperative and postoperative intraocular pressure, exophthalmos, LCD, and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness were evaluated.

Results: At baseline, LCD was remarkably shallower in the muscle-dominant group than in the fat-dominant group (95% confidence interval, p = 0.007). In the muscle-dominant group, LCD showed no definite change after surgery. However, the fat-dominant group showed temporary posterior displacement of the lamina cribrosa at 1-month postoperation that was reversed to baseline at 3 months postoperation (95% confidence interval, p < 0.01).

Conclusions: The lamina cribrosa was anteriorly displaced preoperatively, and its position was nearly unchanged after the surgery, especially in association with extraocular muscle enlargement. An enlarged extraocular muscle could reduce the pressure-relieving effect of orbital decompression around the scleral canal in patients with GO.

키워드

Decompression; Extraocular muscles; Graves ophthalmopathy; Optic nerve; Optical Coherence tomogrphy
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