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Inhibition of miRNA-222-3p Relieves Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B-Induced Liver Inflammatory Injury by Upregulating Suppressors of Cytokine Signaling 1

Yonsei Medical Journal 2019년 60권 11호 p.1093 ~ 1102
 ( Zhang Peng ) - Third People’s Hospital of Dalian Department of Clinical Laboratory

 ( Sun Cui ) - Third People’s Hospital of Dalian Department of Clinical Laboratory
 ( Gui Yifang ) - Mudanjiang Medical University Hongqi Hospital Department of Clinical Laboratory
 ( Yu Jingda ) - Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology Baotou Medical College Department of Clinical Laboratory
 ( Han Weiping ) - Dalian Medical University Second Hospital Department of Clinical Laboratory

Abstract


Purpose: Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) has been well-documented to induce liver injury. miRNA-222-3p (miR-222-3p) was implicated in SEB-induced lung injury and several liver injuries. This study aimed to explore the role of miR-222-3p in SEB-induced liver injury.

Materials and Methods: Expression of miR-222-3p and suppressors of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) was detected using real-time quantitative PCR and western blot. Liver injury was determined by levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and inflammatory cytokines, numbers of infiltrating mononuclear cells using AST/ALT assay kit, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and hematoxylin-eosin staining, respectively. Target binding between miR-222-3p and SOCS1 was predicted on targetScan software, and confirmed by luciferase reporter assay.

Results: SEB induced liver injury in D-galactosamine (D-gal)-sensitized mice, as demonstrated by increased serum levels of AST and ALT, elevated release of interferon-gamma (INF-γ), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and IL-2, and promoted infiltrating immune cells into liver. Expression of miR-222-3p was dramatically upregulated, and SOCS1 was downregulated in SEB-induced liver injury both in mice and splenocytes. Moreover, miR-222-3p knockout (KO) mice exhibited alleviated liver injury accompanied with SOCS1 upregulation. Besides, splenocytes under SEB challenge released less INF-γ, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-2 during miR-222-3p knockdown. Mechanically, SOCS1 was targeted and downregulated by miR-222-3p. Upregulation of SOCS1 attenuated INF-γ, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-2 release in SEB-induced splenocytes; downregulation of SOCS1 could block the suppressive role of miR-222-3p knockdown in SEB-induced splenocytes.

Conclusion: Inhibition of miR-222-3p relieves SEB-induced liver inflammatory injury by upregulating SOCS1, thereby providing the first evidence of miR-222-3p in SEB-induced liver injury.

키워드

miR-222-3p; SEB; inflammatory cytokine; liver injury
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