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Views on Precision Medicine among Health Professionals in Korea: A Mixed Methods Study

Yonsei Medical Journal 2020년 61권 2호 p.192 ~ 197
조하나 ( Cho Ha-Na ) - National Cancer Center Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy

 ( Shin Soo-Yong ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine Samsung Medical Center Department of Digital Health
 ( Hwangbo Bin ) - National Cancer Center Center for Lung Cancer
장윤정 ( Chang Yoon-Jung ) - National Cancer Center National Cancer Control Institute
조주희 ( Cho Ju-Hee ) - Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine Samsung Medical Center Center for Clinical Epidemiology
공선영 ( Kong Sun-Young ) - National Cancer Center Center for Diagnostic Oncology
최귀선 ( Choi Kui-Son ) - National Cancer Center Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy
이은숙 ( Lee Eun-Sook ) - National Cancer Center Center for Breast Cancer

Abstract


This study aimed to investigate awareness, attitudes, and perspectives on precision medicine among health professionals in Korea and to identify issues that need to be addressed before implementing precision medicine. Mixed methods research was applied. For qualitative research, a semi-structured focus group interview was conducted with six health professionals. For quantitative research, a self-reported survey was administered. A total of 542 health professionals participated in the survey, and 526 completed the entire questionnaire. Health professionals showed positive attitudes toward precision medicine. About 95?96% of respondents agreed that precision medicine will be effective in treatment and precise diagnosis, and 69.9% reported that they would participate as study subjects. Meanwhile, they expressed concerns regarding educating patients and health professionals in precision medicine and developing research and data sharing infrastructure. Also, they emphasized the importance of developing precision medicine in an equitable way. Despite varying levels of awareness of precision medicine, the health professionals expressed a willingness to engage in precision medicine research, and recommended that health professionals work closely with policymakers to design precision medicine in a way that can be effectively adopted. Health professionals showed had a positive, but cautious, attitude toward precision medicine. The results of this study suggest areas to be addressed before ushering in precision medicine in Korea.

키워드

Precision medicine; mixed method; awareness; attitude; neoplasms
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SCI(E)
MEDLINE
KCI
KoreaMed