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受刑者에 對한 營養學的 考察

Nutrition of Prisoners in Korea

경북의대잡지 1967년 8권 1호 p.103 ~ 115
손병우 (  ) - 경북대학교 의과대학 생리학교실

Abstract


It seems very important to know the nutritions status of prisoners who were detained for a prolonged period of time in prison, for the evaluation of nutrition and eatablishment of adequate nutritional policy of prisoners in future. The nutritional status of prisoners in Taegu Prison was studied on the compositions of nutrients of main and supplementary foods, amount of food intake and intestinal absorbability, total urinary nitrogen, nitrogen balance, changes in the body weight, various blood compositions and average thickness of subcutaneous fat, in randomly selected prisoners. For the evaluation if the caloric balance, the values of daily caloric requirement were determined by actual measurement of various energy expenditures including the basal metabolism, resting metabolism and work metabolism during various degree of activities.
The results obtained are summarized as follows :
1) The basal metabo1ic rate in 60 prisoners is within normal ranges with an average of 41.3 Cal./㎡/hr. and the B. M. R. is+3.7%.
2) The caloric value of the food given to the prisoners is generally adequate in those who are supplied by the prison ration, Class 1, 2, 3 and 4. However, the actual caloric intake in the moderate labor group shows a shortage of about 62 Catories per day. For inatance, the carpenters require at least 3,416 Calories dai1y, but they are provided with Class 2 ration which is being supplied to a moderate labor group.
They should be given Class 1 ration for this type of heavy work.
3) The measured caloric requirements reveal that the carpenters belong to a heavy labor group and the others to a light or moderate labor groups.
4) The major dietary supply in prisoners is provided with the main dish consisting of about 78% of carbohydrate, 16% of protein and 6% of fat. Thus the prisoner´s food is in shortage of both protein and fat.
5) The main dish of prisoners is composed of 30% rice, 67% barley, and 3% bean. The absorbabilities .of the dietary protein and fat are 75.8% and 74.2% respectively.
6) The total urinary nitrogen in 33 prisoners is 10.39 gm/day in average and the nitrogen balance is mostly positive with an average of ±2.41gm/day except in 4 subjects with negative balance.
7) The total serum cholesterol and the total serum protein in 41 prisoners are 118.1 mg% and 6.76gm% respectively. These values are lower than those of reported normal Koreans. The lower value of the total serum cholesterol is probably due to the low fat intake.
8) The hemoglobin, red blood cell counts and hematocrit are close to the reported values in the poor Korean farmers.
9) The skin fold teat of Allen in 140 prisoners shows 24.0mm (S. F. T.-40) in average which is lower than that of the reported normal Koreans.

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