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Ginsenoside Rg1 promotes browning by inducing UCP1 expression and mitochondrial activity in 3T3-L1 and subcutaneous white adipocytes

Journal of Ginseng Research 2019년 43권 4호 p.589 ~ 599
 ( Lee Ki-Ppeum ) - CHA University College of Life Science Department of Food Science and Biotechnology

 ( Seo Young-Jin ) - CHA University College of Life Science Department of Food Science and Biotechnology
 ( Song Ji-Hyoen ) - CHA University College of Life Science Department of Food Science and Biotechnology
 ( Chei Sung-Woo ) - CHA University College of Life Science Department of Food Science and Biotechnology
 ( Lee Boo-Yong ) - CHA University College of Life Science Department of Food Science and Biotechnology

Abstract


Background: Panax ginseng Meyer is known as a conventional herbal medicine, and ginsenoside Rg1, a steroid glycoside, is one of its components. Although Rg1 has been proved to have an antiobesity effect, the mechanism of this effect and whether it involves adipose browning have not been elucidated.

Methods: 3T3-L1 and subcutaneous white adipocytes from mice were used to access the thermogenic effect of Rg1. Adipose mitochondria and uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) expression were analyzed by immunofluorescence. Protein level and mRNA of UCP1 were also evaluated by Western blotting and real-time polymerase chain reaction, respectively.

Results: Rg1 dramatically enhanced expression of brown adipocyte?specific markers, such as UCP1 and fatty acid oxidation genes, including carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1. In addition, it modulated lipid metabolism, activated 5′ adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase, and promoted lipid droplet dispersion.

Conclusions: Rg1 increases UCP1 expression and mitochondrial biogenesis in 3T3-L1 and subcutaneous white adipose cells isolated from C57BL/6 mice. We suggest that Rg1 exerts its antiobesity effects by promoting adipocyte browning through activation of the AMP-activated protein kinase pathway.

키워드

Adipocytes; Browning; Ginsenoside Rg1; Thermogenesis; Uncoupling protein 1
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