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Studies of the effects and mechanisms of ginsenoside Re and Rk3 on myelosuppression induced by cyclophosphamide

Journal of Ginseng Research 2019년 43권 4호 p.618 ~ 624
 ( Han Jiahong ) - Jilin Agricultural University College of Chinese Medicinal Materials

 ( Xia Jing ) - Jilin Agricultural University College of Chinese Medicinal Materials
 ( Zhang Lianxue ) - Jilin Agricultural University College of Chinese Medicinal Materials
 ( Cai Enbo ) - Jilin Agricultural University College of Chinese Medicinal Materials
 ( Zhao Yan ) - Jilin Agricultural University College of Chinese Medicinal Materials
 ( Fei Xuan ) - Jilin Agricultural University College of Chinese Medicinal Materials
 ( Jia Xiaohuan ) - Jilin Agricultural University College of Chinese Medicinal Materials
 ( Yang He ) - Jilin Agricultural University College of Chinese Medicinal Materials
 ( Liu Shuangli ) - Jilin Agricultural University College of Chinese Medicinal Materials

Abstract


Background: Ginsenoside Re (Re) is one of the major components of Panax ginseng Meyer. Ginsenoside Rk3 (Rk3) is a secondary metabolite of Re. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the effects and underlying mechanisms of Re and Rk3 on cyclophosphamide-induced myelosuppression.

Methods: The mice myelosuppression model was established by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of cyclophosphamide. Peripheral blood cells, bone marrow nucleated cells, and colony yield of hematopoietic progenitor cells in vitro were counted. The levels of erythropoietin, thrombopoietin, and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor in plasma were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Bone marrow cell cycle was performed by flow cytometry. The expression of apoptotic protein bcl-2, bax, and caspase-3 was detected by Western blotting.

Results: Both Re and Rk3 could improve peripheral blood cells, bone marrow nucleated cell counts, thymus index, and spleen index. Furthermore, they could enhance the yield of colonies cultured in vitro and make the levels of granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor, erythropoietin, and thrombopoietin normal, reduce the ratio of G0/G1 phase cells, and increase the proliferation index. Finally, Re and Rk3 could upregulate the expression of bcl-2, whereas they could downregulate the expression of bax and caspase-3.

Conclusion: Re and Rk3 could improve the hematopoietic function of myelosuppressed mice. The effect of Rk3 was superior to that of Re at any dose. Regulating the levels of cytokines, promoting cells enter the normal cell cycle, regulating the balance of bcl-2/bax, and inhibiting the expression of caspase-3 may be the effects of Re and Rk3 on myelosuppression.

키워드

Chemotherapy; Ginsenoside Re; Ginsenoside Rk3; Myelosuppression
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