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서울市民 傷病에 關한 社會醫學的 硏究

A Social-medical Study on Morbidity of Urban Population in Korea

공중보건잡지 1965년 2권 1호 p.133 ~ 155
인주영 (  ) - 서울대학교 의과대학 豫防醫學敎室

Abstract


A survey conducted on morbidity using 1,700 sample families including a total of about 10,000 permanent resi-dents of Seoul for a year, from September 1, 1965, to August 31,1965 has brought about the following finding.
1) Living status: The 32.4% of the sample families surveyed were found to be earning from 5,001 to 10,000 won a month. The 37.8% of the residents surveyed received high school or up education, 78.1% of them were living in self-owned residence, of which 37% had two or less rooms, 57.3% was without creed of any kind.
2) Season-specific morbidity: Morbidity was shown largest during spring time anad least in autumn and this trend was common to men and women. The average sick days per case was 22.7±11.4 days a man and 22.8%±11.2 days a woman;the average days treated per case 9,3±4.1 days a man and 8.3±3.7 days a woman, which were evidently fewer than the sick days noted.
3) Sick duration: An average man got sick 1.47 times a year or 33.5 days and an average woman 1.62 times or 35.7 days, while an average man was in bed for 9.3 days and a woman 10.0 days. The number of days in which routine activities were restricted due to sickness was 24.2 days for an average man and 25.7% days for a woman. The number of days in which medical treatment was received was 13.7 days for an average man and 13.1 days for a woman.
4) Disease-specific morbidity:The diseases of respiratory system were found the highest rate with 54.6% of total cases during the year, and the certain diseases of new-born infants and congenital malformations were the lowest with 0.1% respectively.
5) Age-specific morbidity: Number of cases of aged groups was steady throughout the year, that of the younger groups had fluctuated seasonally in man and woman.
6) Income-level-specific morbidity: The Number of cases on the better earning group was steady throughout the year while the less earning group had more seasonal variation.
7) Education-level-specific morbidity: The level of education had seemed little to do with the rate of morbidty.

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