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産前管理에 對한 實態調査

The Research on the Actual Condition about Antepartum Care

공중보건잡지 1968년 5권 2호 p.122 ~ 128
우정옥 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


For the purpose of this survey examining the status of antepartum care, 400 of pregnant urban women residing around the Health Center of Chongro-gu, Seoul City were made searching inquiry during the period of two years from Jan. 1, 1966 to Dec. 31, 1967 and such major findings were abstracted as follows.
1. Speaking of the distribution of age group, those belonging to the 25∼29 group rated 47.25 percent of the whole respondents or the highest followed by the ratio of 25.5 percentage of the 30∼35 group.
2. Regarding to the educational level, the group of primary school occupies 48.5 percent (194 persons) and 30.25 percent (121 persons) for high school group.
3. Assorting the occupation of respondents´ husbands in order of number, 25.75(107 persons)percent of the total people engage in labour, 24.25 percent (97 persons) in commerce, 22.26 percent(89 persons) in official works, on the other hand 1.75 percent of them (7 persons) are in easy circumstances, 52.25 percent in average one, and 46 percent of them make a poor living.
4. The age at the first marriage of total respondents covers from 17 years old to 34 years old. The most frequent age group of which is 20∼24 years old, comprising 239 persons (59 percent). The average age at first marriage is 23 years old. As for the age of their husbands, it is from 17 years old to 45 years old and the most frequent age group of which is from 24 to 29 years old, comprising 194 persons (48.5 percent). The average age of first marriage of them is 25.2 years old.
The figures above mentioned show the 4∼5 years old age difference between women and their husbands.
5. Age of menarche begins from 13 years old to 22 years old and the most frequent age of which is 17 years old for 106 persons (26.5 percent) followed by the age of 16 years old for 95 persons (23.8 percent) and the average age of menarche is 16.8 years old.
6. Respondents varied in the term of married life covering from 1 year to more than 20 years. 139 respondents (34.75 percent) of them belong to 5∼9 years history of married life and another group of 59 respondents (14.75 percent) ranks second to it. The frequency of their pregnancy is from 1 to 8 times. About 32 percent (127 respondents) of all women checked have experiences 2 times in pregnancy and about 28 percent(110 respondents) 1 time. The average number of pregnancy experienced for each respondent is 2.5 times and term of married life is proportion to number of pregnancy.
7. Age of first delivery is found to be from 17 years old to 34 years old, but the most frequent age group of delivery is from 20 years old to 24 years old with 217 respondents (about 54 percent) followed by the group of 25∼29 years old with 134 respondents (33.5 percent). Accordingly 23.9 years old would be the average age of first delivery.
8. Describing the number of delivery 58 percent of total women have single experience of delivery and 24 percent of them have twice one so that average number of delivery for each respondent is 1.7 times.
9. As to the induced abortion by age group 30∼34 years group indicates the most frequent ratio 3.25 percent (13 persons) ,35∼39 years old group shows second ratio 2.25 percent (9 persons). followed by 25∼29 years old group rating 2 percent (8 persons). The ratio of induced abortion is 7.8 percent and average number of abortion induced is 1.5 times.
10. In connection with spontaneous abortion, 30∼34 years old age group and 35∼39 years old one both form 2 percent of all and 25∼29 years old group is next to it 1.5 percent (6 persons). General ratio of spontaneous abortion is 5.5 percent and average number of spontaneous abortion is 1.5 times.
11. Grouping the place for delivery in their kinds, home delivery, hospital delivery and midwives delivery constituted 51.5 percent (206 persons), 33.5 percent (135 persons) and 6.5 percent(26 persons) respectively. In most cases home deliveries were found to be attended by non specialists.

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