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京機道 農村地域에서의 人糞肥料 使用實態調査

A Survey the Status of Manuring with Night Soils in Rural Areas of of Kyunggi Province,Korea

공중보건잡지 1968년 5권 2호 p.161 ~ 168
박현기 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


This survey was conducted in rural areas of Kyunggi Province, Korea to find out the status of manuring with night soils from Aug. 25 to Oct. 5, 1968.
The survey area covered 54 Myon in 19 Kun of the province and the number of farmer households responded for the survey was 2,911. 54 investigators visitited to each household and the survey was done according to the formula and following results were obtained.
1. The night soils was used more to dry-field than to rice-field. For the rice-field, the rate of using chemical fertilizer alone was 49.0 per cent and the rate of using both of chemical fertilizer and night soil was 46.3 per cent and for the night soil alone was 3.5 per cent. For dry-field, the rate of using both of chemical fertilizer and night soil was 77.0 per cent. The rates of using chemical fertilizer or night soil were 5.5 per cent and 3.1 per cent respectively.
2. Most of them (72.7 per cent) used the night soils in spring season, however, it was used through the year.
3. The sources of night soils used for fertilizer were all feces of their own houses and of neighbors and those of near cities.
4. Most households(87.2%) used night soils without preserving for proper period to kill the parasitic eggs in them. Though the remainders(12.8%) preserved the night soils before using, some of their methods were not satisfied from sanitary view point.
5. Most of all their privies were not sanitary in the construction.
6. The rate of mixing some night soils into compost was 46.2 per cent.
7. Though the activities of using night soils were not sanitary in general, the knowledges on transmission of parasitic and other infectious diseases by using night soils were relatively good.

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