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서울 周邊 農村地域 婦人의 姙娠 出産에 對한 知識 態度 및 實踐에 關한 硏究

A Study on Knowlekge, Attitude and Practice in Relation to Pregnancy and Delivery among Rural Women

공중보건잡지 1968년 5권 2호 p.169 ~ 180
박형종 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


This survey was carried out by the author concerning 480 pregnant women residing in rural areas near Seoul City on knowledge, attitude and practice in relation to pregnancy and delivery during the period from September 2, 1968 to September 30, 1968.
This study revealed as follows:
1. The number of pregnancies: Those women who had become pregnant 3 times occupied the top rate with 20.2%, followed by 4 times with 18.7%. Average for the whole is 3.5 times.
2. The month of pregnancy : The women who had been pregnant for 8 months occupied the highest percentage with 17.3%, which was followed by those women who had been pregnant for 9 months (16.7%) and 9 months and more(14.8%).
3. The symptoms they experienced with pregnancy : Most pregnant women(95.0%) had nausea, 77.1% of them vomitted, 74.2% were dizzy, 43.5% had poor appetite.
4. About one seventh(14.5%) of the pregnant women utilized medical facilities (hospital or eguivalent degree of care) more than once. Concerning the time of the first visit, women who had pregnant for 9 months or more comprised 22.9% (highest rate), followed by 8 months with 20.0%.
5. The main motives for visiting medical institutions were abnormal feeling with pregnancy(60.0%) or advice by health center workers (15.7%).
6. The main reasons why they do not utilize medical institutions: They didn´t feel any sickness(47.5%) and had no money(16.6%).
7. About two third(66.2%) of pregnant women told that they wanted to be pregnant.
8. To get male or female, 86.3% of the women had done nothing out of the ordinary, but 6.2% of them visited the Buddhist temple for prayer.
9. The main reasons for them not to want pregnancy were economic difficulties with 46.8% and too many children aleady with 18.6%.
10. The pregnant women who know the period of conception occupied 74.4% of the total.
11. The most women (81.8%) had delivery at their own homes and 9.0% of the women at their mother´s homes.
12. In regard to delivery cost, 69.4% of the women spent no money at all, and 17.8% of the wome paid 500 won or less.
13. The women who were assisted by their mothers in law at delivery occupied 29.8% of the total, and by neighbors are followed with 18.9%.
14. As a method of cutting placenta, the use of scissors occupied the highest rate with 77.9% (72.9% are not disinfected), the second is the knife with 9.1%, and the third is sickle with 6.7%.
15. As a delivery quilt, a cement bag was used most with 52.2%, oil paper or news paper followed with 19.7%.
16. For the disposal of placenta, 85.0% of the women burned it and 7.6% of them buried the placenta under the ground.
17. Out of the total delivery, 77.8% of them took normal process.
18. Regarding the length of the period that pregnant women wanted for rest before delivery, 5∼6 days was most desirable with 36.3%, which followed by 3∼4 days with 23.2%.
19. Regarding the length of the period that pregnant women wanted for rest after delivery, 13∼15 days was most desirable with 21.7%, which was followed by 10∼12 days with 17.3%, and the average was 14.2 days.
20. The main reasons why they couldn´t have rest as they wanted was due to kitchen works (57.9%) and farming (33.7%).
21. The most of the women (93.2%) took the seaweed(mee-yok) soup after delivery, which was followed by the bean paste soup (2.0%) and soup with fish(1.8%).
22. It was said that the most desirable length of the period during which the special care is necessary for food after delivery was 10∼12 days (20.5%) which was followed by 7∼9 days with 16.1%.
The average was 10.8 days.
23. The main reasons why they take the food as mentioned were by habits (48.0%) and advices by neighbors(36.2%).

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