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施設收容兒의 身體的 精神的 發達에 關한 硏究

A Study on the Physical and Mental Development of Children in Institution

공중보건잡지 1969년 6권 1호 p.67 ~ 76
오명희 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


A survey was carried out by the author from 3 July to 30 September, 1968 towards 426 children who were accommodated at institutions for children away from homes in Seoul and Taejon Cities on their physical and mental development.
The study led to the following major findings:
1. Major causes for leaving home and family consisted of unstable family background, unfavorable relationship between children and parents and economic and financial difficulties.
2. Physical development in terms of heights and weights measured turned out to be substandard, much similar to children in the slums of urban areas. Differences from the ordinary children appeared to be widened with the advancing ages of children. Kaup-Index proved to be an inappropriate measure of nutritional status of the children in institutions to be compared with that of the ordinary children.
3. Average Intelligence Quotient was 89.02 for the children in institutions.
4. Children in lower age group in institutions demonstrated a relative superiority in discrimination and inferiority in identification and arithmetic reasoning.
5. Children in higher age group in the institutions demonstrated a relative superiority in reasoning of spatial relationship and inferiority in numeral reasoning and in vocabulary.
6. The I.Q for children in school ages rose with advancing educational attainment.
7. Correlation did not seem to exist between Kaup-Index and I.Q..
8. Status of accommodation of children at the institutions suggested necessity of strengthening services for children away from homes and services to prevent children from leaving homes and families.

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