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韓國의 藥師人力供給에 關한 調査硏究

A Study of Supply for Pharmacists in Korean

공중보건잡지 1969년 6권 1호 p.135 ~ 141
노환성 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to provide data required for the formulation of a pharmacist manpower planning as part of the medical manpower planning.
As the result of surveys conducted during the period of May 1. to July 20, 1968, on a total of 10,116 pharmacists regularly registered in 1968 the following conclusion has been reached.
1. The number of pharmacists is broken down by sex into 55.8 per cent of male pharmacist and 44.2 per cent of female pharmacist.
2. The average age of pharmacists is low in as much as the group comprising those at the ages of 26 to 35 years constitutes 75.8 per cent of the total number of pharmacists.
3. A great number of pharmacists are concentrated in Seoul, constituting 47.7% per cent of the total number of pharmacists in the nation.
4. In terms of their present address. 83.3 per cent of pharmacists are in urban areas while 16.7 per cent of them are in rural areas.
5. The urbanization ratio of female pharmacist is 92.4 per cent, and that of male pharmacist 76.3 per cent.
6. In terms of their present addresses, the number of pharmacists in urban areas is broken down by sex into 50.5 per cent of male pharmacists and 49.5 per cent of female pharmacists, while that in rural areas is broken down into 79.6 per cent of male pharmacists and 20.4 per cent of female pharmacists.
7. Pharmacists are broken down by their birth places as follows:
Male pharmacist: Urban......48.2 per cent
Rural........51.8 per cent
Female pharmacist: Urban.......65.8 per cent
Rural........34.2 per cent
8. They are broken down by their areas of work as follows:
Urban: 82.9 per cent Rural : 17.1 per cent
9. As for their distribution by kind of occupation, those working at pharmcies constitute the greatest proportion of 69.8 per cent.
10. On the basis of the above results, the following recommendation is made:
1) It is necessary to readjust the number of graduate pharmacists.
2) In order to eradicate the excessive supply of pharmacists in urban areas, they should be encouraged to work in rural areas.
3) The scope of the employment of pharmacists should be extended.
4) An adequate policy should be considered to meet the anticipated "vacuum period" in the supply of pharmacists 20 years hence.

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