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영유아保健에 關한 서울市 一部 母性의 知識 態度 및 實踐의 調査

A Study about K.A.P. of Mothers in Seoul with Regard to Infant and Child Health

공중보건잡지 1970년 7권 1호 p.367 ~ 377
이철구 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


A study was carried out on the knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers with regard to infant and child health from Sept. 10, 1969 to Sept. 25, 1969 at Well Baby Clinic of National Medical Center.
Two hundreds and fifty mothers, who formed a maternal group registered at Well Baby clinic of National Medical Center from Jan. 1, 1969 to Aug. 31, 1969, were investigated toward K.A.P. on pregnancy, delivery, nutritional care and vaccinations. This survey entailed the following conclusions.
1) Those mothers in ages 25-59 constituted the largest proportion(54.0%) of whole respondents and the average age of mothers was 28.5 years.
2) The largest proportion of the respondents were occupied by those with college back ground(39.6%). Otherwise uneducated mother was not found out in this surney.
3) The most frequent age of the first delivery was in the 25-29(66.2%) and the average age of the first delivery was 26.6 years.
4) Only 27.6% of those lived with her parents in law.
5) About a half of mothers (54.8%) had acquired the knowledge on pregnancy, delivery and reproductive physiology before marriage, while 16.9% of all mothers with high educational back ground acquired it after pregnancy experienced.
6) About 69.6% of all respondents had been checked up regular antenatal care.
7) The commonest reasons why those hadn´t been checked up regular antenatal care depended on their knowledge and attitude, which presented the remarkable difference between knowledge and practice.
8) During pregnancy, Only 26.0% of those mother had taken balanced diet or Supplementary diet. In other wise the practice on nutritional care compared with knowledge was lower in real. 10) Regarding the most important and commonly deficient nutrient in infancy and childhood, 68.4% of those knew as protein correctly.
11) Regarding the starting period of weaning, 55.2% of mother knew as 5-6 months correctly.
12) Regarding the starting period of solid food, only 21.6% of mother knew before 3 months.
13) In practice of main diet and weaning diet, their baby aged 0-3 months seemed to be fed with only breast milk in the highest proportio455.8%). It was exchanged with weaning diet aged 7-6 months(77.7%). And so there was a tendency to be late in real more or less.
14) The tendency was observed that the supplement diet was attached importance to vitamin only by low educated mothers sod there was a tendency to depend upon solid food especially than vitamin in high education.
15) About 43.0% of all mothers knew the beginning period of primary vaccinations, 54.4% of all mothers recognized the next vaccination, 94.4% of their were immunized as schedule, which presented the remarkable difference among knowledge, attitude and practice.

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