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우리나라 傷病(夏節期)에 關한 硏究

Socio-medical study on Sickness in Korea

공중보건잡지 1970년 7권 2호 p.637 ~ 647
김인달 (  ) - 서울大學校 醫科大學 豫防學敎室

南宮택 (  ) - 서울大學校 醫科大學 豫防學敎室
文玉倫 (  ) - 서울大學校 醫科大學 豫防學敎室

Abstract


A sickness survey was carried out on 37,801 subjects of 6,303 families sampled by geographical areas such as rural, fishery and urban, for 2 months from July 1, 1970 to August 31, 1970, for the purpose of grasping their current status of morbidity.
The results obtained were summarized as follows:
1. Socio-medical characterstics:
1) Average family sizes of the surveyed areas: Rural area had 6.32 persons per household, urban area 5.61 persons, fishery and costal area 4.92 persons.
2) The composition of population surveyed by age: 27.7% of the surbeyed people were newborn to 9 of age, 22.5% were 10 to 19, 16.0% were 20 to 29, and 5.7% were more than 60 of age.
3) The majority of the surveyed (41.1%)were primay school students or graduates and 15.6% were illiterate. About 5.9% of those eligible for education received college education.
4) As to the sources of water supply, 48.5% of the surveyed drank water from the public well, while the proportions of drinking publec pipes water were 25.0% as a whole.
5) The occupations of the surveyed: Farming (18.4%) No occupation (17.3%), Students (16.4%), Self-earning business (9.5%), Waged laborers (8.3%) Salarymen (5.2%). etc.
6) The surey indicated that 60.6% of the house-holds were spending 10,000 Won or less per month, and 33.1% were spending between, 10,001 and 20,000 Won for a living expenses.
2. Sickness status in summer:
1) There had occurred 11,659 cases during the survey period, and among them 46.6% were prevailed in July, 53.4% were in August.
It showed that August had higher prevalence, 164.6 cases out of 1,000 persons than that of July, 143.8 cases.
2) It was revealed in prevalence rate that diseases of digestive system ranked highest, 83.3 cases out of 1,000 person, the diseases of respiratory system were next (68.8 cases), the third were infectious and parasitic disease (44.7 cases), the fourth were diseases of nervous system and sense organs (28.3 cases), the fifth were diseases of skin and cellular tissue (21.6 cases). etc.
3) Rural areas showed the highest freguency of sickness dnring the time surveyed (346.0 cases per 1,000 rural population), urbvan areas (243.1 cases per 1,000 urban population), the lowest were fishery and costal areas (241.5 cases per 1,000 fishery and costal population)
The average morbidity incidence rate of the country as a whole was 243.1 cases per 1,000 people.
4) The morbid status decreased inversely with the higher level of education. The incidence rate of the illiterate was 321.8 cases, but that of college graduates was 223.5 cases.
5) Morbidity status arranged by age group:
① More than 60 years old: 473.0 cases
② Less than 10 years odl: 342.9 cases
③ 30-39 of age: 3311.5 cases
④ 40-49 of age: 308.0 cases
⑤ 50-59 of age: 307.9 cases
⑥ 10-19 of age: 264.6 cases
⑦ 20-29 of age: 249.7 cases
6) Morbid status per man during the time surveyed: In urban areas the rates of morbidity incidence per male and female were 0.341 and 0.331 cases; the continuing sickness days were 10.8 and 10.2 days; the morbid periods. 31.6 and 30.8 days; the bed rest periods incurring loss of daily activities 2.2 and 2.0 days respectively, and so on.
While nation-widely the rates of morbidity incidence per male and female were 0.313 and 0.304 cases; the continuing sickness days were 9.0 and 8.9 days; the morbid periods 29.0 and 29.1 days; the bed rest periods 2.1 and 2.0 days respectively.

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