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韓國의 保建看護敎育 擔當者의 資格背景에 關한 調査

A Survey on Qualification of Nursing Instructors in Korea

공중보건잡지 1970년 7권 2호 p.663 ~ 672
김진옥 (  ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원

Abstract


A survey on nursing instructors in all levels of nursing school in Korea was completed in August of 1970, to explore the present status of qualification, in terms of instructor´s educational preparation and experiences in the field and in teaching which are believed to be influencing factors in teaching-learning situations.
The study has its limitation as the curriculum content is not included although the findings could be utilized as a basic reference in overall faculty planning.
A total of 221 nursing instructors, in 35 schools(out of total 42 nursing schools of all levels) namely, 6 collegiate, 21 diploma and 8 technical programs were included in the study. A questionaire was sent by mail and an 83% (35 out of 42 schools) rate of return was obtained.
The following in the summary of findings:
Age distribution of respondents appeared to be cencered in thirties, and marital status of respondents showed no particular significane in relation to their qualification except that the tendency of single and young instructors in technical nursing program was apparent.
In terms of their basic nursing education, the respondents´ academic preparation showed that 12% were graduates of technical nursing high schools, 45% held diploma school of nursing and 40% were college graduates which shows the most nursing instructors are diploma graduates or above. Thirty-four percent of the respondents are without a bachelor´s degree in any field, and the majority of these instructors are currently employed in the technical nursing high school program.
Nineteen percent of the respondents hold a master´s degree in nursing or a related field, and most of these instructors are teaching in a collegiate program (55%), while none of these were found in the technical nursing high school program.
The respondents had average experiences of 4 years, 3 yeras, and 8 months in teaching, hospital, and public health field respectively.
Eighty-one percent of the respondents had no experience in the field of public health nursing and the majority of these are currently assigned to the technical nursing high school program (84%).
The detailed analysis showed 65% of public health nursing instructors had no experience in their specialty while in other fields, 21% of the respondents had no experience in their specialty.
However, the specialty of others category were not able to specify in terms of med-surgery, obstetric or pediatric nursing etc.
In short, the study revealed a lack of qualification of nursing instructors regardless of their specialties, in public health or other general nursing when these are compared to desirable standards of qualification. The study also revealed the tendency of less qualified instructors to gravitate into the lower level schools.
The following recommendations are suggested as a means of raising the quality of nursing school faculties:
1) Legal accreditation of diploma schools of nursing, equivalent to that granted to junior college graduates, is needed for diploma graduates to give them a way to pursue a basic degree.
2) Post-graduate training in each clinical specialty should be established at the national level for the standardization of teaching and practice.
3) A supplementary course, leading to a bachelor´s degree in public health nursing, should be established by government to meet the demand for qualified public health nursing instructors.
4) A mininum standard for nursing faculty member qualifications must be established and enforced in terms of general, professional preparation in basic nursing as well as specialty, plus experiences in practice and in teaching must be carefully reviewed.
5) Instructors themselves must show special interest in upgrading unrsing education standard as well as in their own personal development.

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