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인공 우식 유발성 biofilm 구성성분의 시간 흐름에 따른 변화

Changes in the composition of artificial cariogenic biofilms over time

대한구강보건학회지 2019년 43권 3호 p.118 ~ 123
오철 ( Oh Chul ) - 전북대학교 치과대학 예방치학교실

판딧 싼토스 ( Pandit Santosh ) - 전북대학교 치과대학 예방치학교실
전재규 ( Jeon Jae-Kyu ) - 전북대학교 치과대학 예방치학교실

Abstract


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in the composition of artificial cariogenic biofilms using a Streptococcus mutans biofilm model over a period of time.

Methods: We analyzed the dry weight, colony forming unit (CFU) number, extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) biovolume, and acid production rate of S. mutans biofilms formed on saliva-coated hydroxyapatite discs after 26 h, 50 h, 74 h, 98 h, 171 h, and 195 h. In addition, we performed a laser scanning confocal fluorescence microscopy to determine the bacterial volume, EPS biovolume, and biofilm thickness. We calculated the biofilm density using dry weight and EPS biovolume.

Results: Over a period of time, there was no change in the CFU number and acid production rate of S. mutans biofilms, but there was an increase in the dry weight and EPS biovolume of S. mutans biofilms. The bacterial volume, EPS biovolume, and biofilm thickness only increased in the 50-h-old biofilm; however, no change was observed in 50-195-h-old biofilms. In addition, an increase in the biofilm density was observed over time.

Conclusions: These results suggest that the acid production ability of cariogenic biofilms does not change, but the biofilm density increases over time. However, due to scientific information, further research needs to be conducted in the field of dentistry to get further insights on the progression of cariogenic biofilms over time.

키워드

Biofilm composition; Cariogenic biofilms; Change over time; Streptococcus mutans
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