잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

Modified difficult index adding extremely difficult for fully impacted mandibular third molar extraction

대한구강악안면외과학회지 2019년 45권 6호 p.309 ~ 315
김재영 ( Kim Jae-Young ) - Yonsei University College of Dentistry Gangnam Severance Dental Hospital Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

용해성 ( Yong Hae-Sung ) - Yonsei University College of Dentistry Gangnam Severance Dental Hospital Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
박광호 ( Park Kwang-Ho ) - Yonsei University College of Dentistry Gangnam Severance Dental Hospital Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
허종기 ( Huh Jong-Ki ) - Yonsei University College of Dentistry Gangnam Severance Dental Hospital Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Abstract


Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of the existing classification and difficulty index of impacted mandibular third molars in clinical situations and propose a more practical classification system.

Materials and Methods: This study included 204 impacted mandibular third molars in 154 patients; panoramic x-ray images were obtained before tooth extraction. Factors including age, sex, and pattern of impaction were investigated. All impacted third molars were classified and scored for spatial relationship (1-5 points), depth (1-4 points), and ramus relationship (1-3 points). All variables were measured twice by the same observer at a minimum interval of one month. Finally, the difficulty index was defined based on the total points scored as slightly difficult (3-4 points), moderately difficult (5-7 points), very difficult (8-10 points), and extremely difficult (11-12 points).

Results: The strength of agreement of the total points scored and difficulty index were 0.855 and 0.746, respectively. Most cases were classified as moderately difficult (73.0%). Although only 13 out of 204 cases (6.4%) were classified as extremely difficult, patients classified as extremely difficult were the oldest (P<0.05).

Conclusion: For difficulty classification, the authors propose one more difficult category beyond the existing three-step difficulty index: the clinician should consider the patient’s age in the difficulty index evaluation.

키워드

Third molar; Tooth extraction; Impacted tooth; Classification
원문 및 링크아웃 정보
  
등재저널 정보