잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

X 線照射가 白血球染色體에 미치는 影響에關한 實驗的硏究

X-ray induced Chromosome Aberrations in Human Blood Irradiated in Vitro

대한산부인과학회지 1970년 13권 6호 p.25 ~ 34
김선원 (  ) - 서울대학교 의과대학 산부인과학교실

Abstract


The present experiment was performed to investigate the types and frequencies of X-ray induced chromosome aberrations in human leukocytes irradiated in vitro. Blood samples were obtained from 10 nurses working at Seoul National University Hospital. Ten ml. of heparinized blood were irradiated in 50 mm. Pyrex Petri dish, using General Electric Maxitron 1[-A, which was operated at 250 KV and 10 mA. Five samples were given doses of 25 R, another five 5o R., The culture method was that of Moorhead et al, with slight modification. Leukocytes were isolated,´and placed in culture bottles containing culture medium consisting of 6 ml. of TC 199, 1 ml. of homologous human serum, iml. of plasma containing leukocytes of 8-12X106/ml and 0.03 mL of phytohemagglutinin-P form (Difco) with 800 units and 0. 8 mg. respectively of penicillin´ G and streptomycin. The cultures were incubated at 37°C for 72 hours. Colchicine was added to the culture 3 hours before fixation to a final level of 10-7 M. The cells were fixed, mounted, and stained with Giemsa solution. The results were compared to two cases of non-irradiated control group.

Results
1. The frequency of modal chromosome number in control group was 96.6%, whereas 96. 57 for 25 R irradiated group and 95.55 for 50 R group. The aneuploid cells were found 3.40 in control group, whereas 3. 42 for 25 R irradiated group and 4.45 for 50 R group.
2. The distribution of chromosomes in irradiated group was similar to that of control group with slight increased frequency of aneuploid cells.
3. Chromatid aberrations were found both in control group and X-ray irradiated group, but no increase of frequency was observed after X-irradiation.
4. In X-irradiated groups chromosome aberrations, such as dicentrics, rings and deletions were found with an increase according to the X-ray doses given.

키워드

원문 및 링크아웃 정보
  
등재저널 정보
KCI
KoreaMed
KAMS