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산양유의 앨콜심전시험에 관한 연구

STUDIES ON ALCOHOL PRECIPITATION TEST OF GOAT MILK

대한수의학회지 1964년 4권 1호 p.19 ~ 22
정길택 (  ) - 서울대학교 농과대학 수의학과

Abstract


The alcohol precipitation test(APT) is widely used in the inspection of cow milk, whereas the APT in goat milk inspection is not specifically known.
The APT is used to determine the precipitating ability of milk by heat used in sterilization, and evaporating process at the milk plant. The APT may also be used to detect abnormal milks such as acid milk, colostrum, and any milk in which the salt balance is disturbed so that it may be more subject to precipitation than normal milk.
In the experiments the applicability of the APT of goat milk was studied. The results obtained by using 87 sample of goat milk are as follows:
1. As all the fresh samples(100%) were APT positive by using 70% ethanol which is used in the practice of cow milk and 3 out of 87 samples(3.7%) were positive by using 45% ethanol, it is suggested that 45% ethanol may ◎ applied in the APT of goat milk.
2. The distribution of natural acidity (apparent acidity) was between 0.12%-0.30% and the amount of natural acidity did not significantly affect the precipitating ability of goat milk by APT.
3. The freshness of goat milk cannot be detected sharply by APT even though 45% ethanol is applied.

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