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Complex regional pain syndrome in the young male population: a retrospective study of 200 Korean young male patients

Korean Journal of Pain 2019년 32권 4호 p.292 ~ 300
 ( Lee Ho-Jin ) - Seoul National University Hospital Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

 ( Lee Chang-Soon ) - Seoul National University Hospital Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
 ( Yoo Yong-Jae ) - Seoul National University Hospital Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
 ( Noh Jae-Mun ) - Seoul National University Hospital Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
 ( Yu Je-Hyuk ) - Seoul National University Hospital Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
 ( Kim Yong-Chul ) - Seoul National University Hospital Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
 ( Moon Jee-Youn ) - Seoul National University Hospital Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Abstract


Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) in young male patients in South Korea, especially focusing on the association with military service.

Methods: From January 2007 to May 2017, we investigated the electronic medical records of 430 consecutive patients, aged 18 to 30 years, who visited Seoul National University Hospital Pain Center, with a suspected diagnosis of CRPS at the initial visit. The following patient details were available for analysis: demographic and disease-related variables, relevance to military service, medications, and the treatment modalities received.

Results: Out of 430 patients, 245 (57.0%) were diagnosed with CRPS, of which, 200 were male patients and 45 were female patients. Of the male patients, 95 (47.5%) developed CRPS during military service. CRPS during military service was more likely to result from sprain/strain, and the incidence of CRPS was significantly higher in the lower extremities in patients from the military service group than in those from the non-military service group. During the follow-up period, 37.9% of male CRPS patients (n = 61/161) were treated successfully. Patients with moderate to severe initial pain intensity, and diagnosed during their military service, showed better outcomes.

Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that manifestation of CRPS in the young Korean population was more common in male and among those male CRPS patients, about half the cases developed during the military service period.

키워드

Chronic Pain; Complex Regional Pain Syndrome; Epidemiology; Male; Military Medicine; Military Personnel; Neuralgia; Psychological Stress
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