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Usefulness of Myocardial Longitudinal Strain in Prediction of Heart Failure in Patients with Successfully Reperfused Anterior Wall ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Korean Circulation Journal 2019년 49권 10호 p.960 ~ 972
 ( Lee Sun-Hwa ) - Chonbuk National University Medical School Department of Internal Medicine

 ( Lee Sang-Rok ) - Chonbuk National University Medical School Department of Internal Medicine
 ( Rhee Kyoung-Suk ) - Chonbuk National University Medical School Department of Internal Medicine
 ( Chae Jei-Keon ) - Chonbuk National University Medical School Department of Internal Medicine
 ( Kim Won-Ho ) - Chonbuk National University Medical School Department of Internal Medicine

Abstract


Background and Objectives: Acute myocardial infarction-related heart failure (HF) is associated with poor outcome. This study was designed to investigate the usefulness of global longitudinal strain (GLS), global circumferential strain (GCS) and mean longitudinal strain of left anterior descending artery territory (LSant) measured by 2-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D STE) in prediction of acute anterior wall ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (ant-STEMI)-related HF.

Methods: A total of 171 patients with ant-STEMI who underwent successful primary coronary intervention and had available 2D STE data were enrolled. Patients were divided into 3 groups: in-hospital HF, post-discharge HF, and no-HF groups.

Results: In-hospital and post-discharge HF developed in 39 (22.8%) and 13 (7.6%) of patients, respectively and 113 patients (69.6%) remained without HF. Multivariate analysis showed that GLS was the only factor significantly associated with the development of in-hospital HF. For post-discharge HF, LSant was the only independent predictor. Other echocardiographic or laboratory parameters did not show independent association with the development of ant-STEMI-related HF.

Conclusions: GLS is a powerful echocardiographic parameter related to development of in-hospital HF and LSant was significantly associated with post-discharge HF in patients with successfully reperfused ant-STEMI.

키워드

Anterior wall myocardial infarction; Echocardiography; Heart failure; Strain
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