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In vitro Conidial Germination and Mycelial Growth of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. fragariae Coordinated by Hydrogen Peroxideand Nitric Oxide-signalling

한국균학회지 2019년 47권 3호 p.219 ~ 232
도유진 ( Do Yu-Jin ) - Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology Department of Horticultural Sciences

김도현 ( Kim Do-Hyeon ) - Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology Department of Horticultural Sciences
조명성 ( Jo Myung-Sung ) - Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology Department of Horticultural Sciences
강동기 ( Kang Dong-Gi ) - Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology Department of Horticultural Sciences
이상우 ( Lee Sang-Woo ) - Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology Department of Horticultural Sciences
김진원 ( Kim Jin-Won ) - The University of Seoul Department of Environmental Horticulture
 ( Hong Jeum-Kyu ) - Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology Department of Horticultural Sciences

Abstract


Chemicals related to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and nitric oxide (NO) generations were exogenously applied to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. fragariae (Fof ) causing Fusarium wilt disease in strawberry plants, and regulations of in vitro conidial germination and mycelial growth of the fungus by the chemical treatments were evaluated. H2O2 drastically reduced the conidial germination of Fof in a dose-dependent manner, and treatment with 3-amino- 1,2,4-triazole (3-AT) catalase inhibitor also led to dose-dependent inhibition of conidial germination but relatively moderately. Gradual decreases in mycelial growth of Fof were found by high concentrations of H2O2, whilst exogenous 3-AT slightly increased the mycelial growth. Increasing sodium nitroprusside (SNP) NO donor, NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) NO synthase (NOS)-inhibitor and tungstate nitrate reductase (NR) inhibitor led to dose-dependent reductions in conidial germination of Fof in quite different levels. SNP conversely increased the mycelial growth but increasing L-NAME moderately decreased the mycelial growth. Tungstate strongly enhanced mycelial growth. Differentially regulated in vitro mycelial growths of Fof were demonstrated by SNP, L-NAME and tungstate with or without H2O2 supplement. Superoxide anion production was also regulated during the mycelial growth of Fof by nitric oxide. These results show that H2O2 and NO-associated enzymes can be suggested as fungal growth regulators of Fof as well as eco-friendly disease-managing agents in strawberry production fields.

키워드

Antifungal; Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. fragariae; Nitric oxide; Reactive oxygen species
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