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요양병원 간호사의 간호행위 위임정도, 간호전문직관 및 이직의도와의 관계

A study on delegation level of nursing activities, nursing professionalism and turnover intention for long-term care hospital nurses

한국노년학 2019년 39권 4호 p.903 ~ 920
박현자 ( Park Hyun-Ja ) - 대자인병원 QI팀

강지숙 ( Kang Ji-Sook ) - 원광대학교 간호학과

Abstract

본 연구는 요양병원 간호사의 간호행위 위임정도, 간호전문직관 및 이직의도를 파악하고 이들간의 관계를 확인함으로써 향후 간호행위 위임에 필요한 정책적 지침 및 절차에 관한 기초자료를 제공하고자 시도되었다. 본 연구는 서술적 조사연구로 구조화된 설문지를 이용하여 2개 광역도 소재 6개 요양병원의 간호사 146명을 대상으로 실시하였으며, 자료수집기간은 2016년 7월부터 8월까지 이었다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS 22.0을 이용하여 기술통계, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson 상관분석을 실시하였다. 연구결과, 요양병원 간호사의 간호행위는 위임에 대한 명확한 지침이나 법적 절차가 없는 상태에서 7개 행위를 제외한 대부분의 간호행위가 간호보조인력에게 위임되 고 있었다. 요양병원 간호사의 간호행위 위임정도와 간호전문직관, 이직의도와의 유의한 관련성은 없었으나 간호전문직관과 이직의도는 유의한 음의 상관관계를 보였다. 따라서, 요양병원 간호사의 이직의도를 낮추기 위해서는 개인적인 측면으로 긍정적인 간호전문직관을 확고히 하는 방안이 모색되어야 하며, 정책적인 측면에서는 요양병원의 적절한 간호인력배치 기준을 마련하여 간호행위 위임지침을 개발해야 한다.

This study was aimed to prepare the evidences for establishing policies on nursing manpower by identifying the relationship among delegation level of nursing activities, nursing professionalism and turnover intention in long-term care hospital nurses. The study was a descriptive survey research that used a structured questionnaire. 146 nurses agreed to take part in the research. They worked in six long-term care hospitals located in A and B province. Data were collected from July to August 2016 and analyzed through SPSS 20.0 program, using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and pearson’s correlation coefficients. As a results, first, as for the delegation of nursing activities by long-term care hospital nurses, the levels of delegation of direct nursing activities were 34.63±14.12, and the level of delegation of indirect nursing activities were 1.71±1.75. Second, the mean score of nursing professionalism and the turnover intention of long-term care hospital nurses were 3.62±0.77 and 2.71±0.97, respectively. Third, the delegation of direct nursing activities by long-term care hospital nurses significantly differed depending on the number of nurses in the ward and the number of caregivers in the ward. The delegation of indirect nursing activities significantly differed depending on the number of nurses in the ward, the presence of conflicts and stress related to delegation. Forth, there was no significant correlation of the delegation of nursing activities by long-term care hospital nurses with nursing professionalism and with turnover intention. Most of nursing activities, were delegated to nurse aids, since there were no clear guidelines or legal procedures on nursing activities in long-term care hospital nurses. Therefore it is required to find how to clearly establish positive nursing professionalism and to develop a proper nursing manpower arrangement and the guidelines for the delegation of nursing activities in a long-term care hospital in terms of policy.

키워드

간호행위; 요양병원; 위임; 이직의도; 전문직관
delegation; long-term care hospital; nursing activities; professionalism; turnover intention
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