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Toxicometallomics of Cadmium, Manganese and Arsenic with Special Reference to the Roles of Metal Transporters

Toxicological Research 2019년 35권 4호 p.311 ~ 317
 ( Himeno Seiichiro ) - Tokushima Bunri University Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science

 ( Sumi Daigo ) - Tokushima Bunri University Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science
 ( Fujishiro Hitomi ) - Tokushima Bunri University Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science

Abstract


The transport systems for metals play crucial roles in both the physiological functions of essential metals and the toxic effects of hazardous metals in mammals and plants. In mammalian cells, Zn transporters such as ZIP8 and ZIP14 have been found to function as the transporters for Mn(II) and Cd(II), contributing to the maintenance of Mn homeostasis and metallothionein-independent transports of Cd, respectively. In rice, the Mn transporter OsNramp5 expressed in the root is used for the uptake of Cd from the soil. Japan began to cultivate OsNramp5 mutant rice, which was found to accumulate little Cd, to prevent Cd accumulation. Inorganic trivalent arsenic (As(III)) is absorbed into mammalian cells via aquaglyceroporin, a water and glycerol channel. The ortholog of aquaporin in rice, OsLsi1, was found to be an Si transporter expressed in rice root, and is responsible for the absorption of soil As(III) into the root. Since rice is a hyperaccumulator of Si, higher amounts of As(III) are incorporated into rice compared to other plants. Thus, the transporters of essential metals are also utilized to incorporate toxic metals in both mammals and plants, and understanding the mechanisms of metal transports is important for the development of mitigation strategies against food contamination.

키워드

Cadmium; Manganese; Arsenic; Silicon; Zinc; Transporter
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