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In-vivo antiproliferative activity of Morus latifolia leaf and bark extracts against Ehrlich’s ascites carcinoma

Toxicological Research 2020년 36권 1호 p.79 ~ 88
 ( Islam Md. Shihabul ) - University of Rajshahi Faculty of Life and Earth Sciences Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology

 ( Jahangir Chowdhury Arif ) - University of Rajshahi Faculty of Life and Earth Sciences Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
 ( Rahi Md. Sifat ) - University of Rajshahi Faculty of Life and Earth Sciences Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
 ( Hasan Md. Mahmudul ) - University of Rajshahi Faculty of Life and Earth Sciences Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
 ( Sajib Salek Ahmed ) - University of Rajshahi Faculty of Life and Earth Sciences Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
 ( Hoque Kazi Md. Faisal ) - University of Rajshahi Faculty of Life and Earth Sciences Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
 ( Reza Md Abu ) - University of Rajshahi Faculty of Life and Earth Sciences Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology

Abstract


Cancer is the second death causing disease all over the world and until today 100 different types of cancer have been identified whose treatment methods consist of serious side effects on human body. To reduce the frequency of adverse effects of cancer treatment, nowadays plant derived natural components are getting priority. The plant Morus latifolia is widely available in northern part of Bangladesh. The earlier researches suggested that popular varieties of some Morus sp. like Morus alba, Morus indica etc. have good anti-proliferative activity. Hence, this study was designed to evaluate the anti-proliferative activity of leaf and bark extracts of M. latifolia against Ehrlich’s ascites carcinoma (EAC) in vivo. The leaf and bark extracts of M. latifolia were used in several bioassays including Brine shrimp lethality test, hemagglutination activity test, antioxidant activity test, and cell growth inhibition test. Besides, fluorescence microscopy was performed to study apoptotic features in EAC cells, and molecular analysis like real-time PCR were also conducted. The results of Brine shrimp lethality test, hemagglutination activity test, and antioxidant activity assay supported the cell growth inhibition capability of leaf and bark extracts which was confirmed by in vivo cell growth inhibition bioassay. Moreover, the experimental extracts were able to induce cell apoptotis through altering the expression pattern of Bcl-2 and Bax genes. All of the results of this study suggest that several noble compounds are present in M. latifolia plant extracts which are capable for healing cancer cells.

키워드

Cancer; Morus latifolia; Cytotoxicity; Bcl-2; Bax; Apoptosis
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