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학령전기 아동의 과체중 및 비만 관련 위험요인: 생태학적 모델을 바탕으로

Risk Factors for Overweight and Obesity of Korean Preschool Children: Based on the Ecological Model

한국보건간호학회지 2019년 33권 2호 p.175 ~ 187
라진숙 ( Ra Jin-Suk ) - 충남대학교 간호대학

정연희 ( Jeong Yeon-Hee ) - 충남대학교 간호대학

Abstract


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the potential risk factors - children’s factors, parental factors, and familial-environmental factors - with respect to overweight and obesity in Korean preschool children.

Methods: This study used a descriptive cross-sectional design and involved 264 pairs of mothers and preschool children aged 3?5 years (121 boys, 143 girls) attending daycare centers in C city. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to identify significant risk factors for overweight and obesity in preschool children.

Results: According to the multivariate logistic regression, family history of diabetes mellitus as children’s factors, overweight or obesity of both parents as parental factors were significantly associated with an increased likelihood of overweight and obesity in preschool children. In addition, lack of community space for physical activity as familial-environmental factors was significantly associated with increased likelihood of overweight and obesity.

Conclusions: Health care providers should concerned with the risk of overweight and obesity in children with high risk familial factors, such as family history of obesity and diabetes mellitus. Moreover, policies should be set in place to make sure communities include space that foster physical activity in young children.

키워드

학령전기 아동; 과체중; 비만; 위험요인
Preschool child; Overweight; Obesity; Risk factors
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