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여성 류마티스관절염 대상자의 고혈압, 당뇨, 이상지질혈증의 유병률, 인지율, 치료율 및 조절률

Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension, Diabetes, and Dyslipidemia Among Patients with Rheumatoid Arthriti

한국보건간호학회지 2019년 33권 2호 p.228 ~ 241
윤혜원 ( Yun Hye-Won ) - 아주대학교병원

부선주 ( Boo Sun-Joo ) - 아주대학교 간호대학

Abstract


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia among women with rheumatoid arthritis.

Methods: This cross-sectional study of 288 women with rheumatoid arthritis was conducted in a university-affiliated hospital. Data were collected by reviewing the women’s medical charts and self-report questionnaires.

Results: The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia was 27.8%, 5.9% and 48.3%, respectively. Despite the high prevalence of dyslipidemia, the subjects’awareness of it and its treatment rates were the lowest, which resulted in a low control rate. Of the 288 subjects, 158 (55%) had at least one of the three conditions. The prevalence of the combination of cardiovascular risk factors increased with age, and 32.7% of those aged 60 or older had two or three of the cardiovascular risk factors. Combinations of cardiovascular risk factors were significantly related with severe pain and fatigue.

Conclusion: Cardiovascular risk factors were highly prevalent among the women with rheumatoid arthritis, but the rates of awareness, treatment, and control were suboptimal. There is a pressing need to facilitate the prevention, early detection and appropriate management of hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidem

키워드

당뇨병; 이상지질혈증; 고혈압; 유병률; 류마티스관절염
Diabetes Mellitus; Dyslipidemias; Hypertension; Prevalence; Rheumatoid Arthritis
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