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A Research on the Shamanistic Medical Activities as Seen in the Recipes for Fifty-two Ailments (五十二病方) Written in the Mawangdui (馬王堆) Silk Manuscript

의사학 2019년 28권 3호 p.755 ~ 786
조용준 ( Cho Yong-Jun ) - Renmin University School of History

Abstract


The main thesis of this research is to discuss the shamanistic medical activities as seen in the Recipes for Fifty-two Ailments written in the Mawangdui Silk Manuscript, to corroborate them with handed-down literature and other underground written attestations in early China, and to inquire its characteristics. In the Eastern Zhou dynasty, medicine already emerged with specialized and professional properties, but did not disengage from the ideology of shamanism in Eastern Zhou society. In other words, the shamanistic treatment of diseases was one of the most important works of shamans because the specialized knowledge of medical treatment always interlaced with superstitious and mediumistic treatment methods. This article examines the details of shamanistic medical activities, for example, the ‘zhuyou’, the ‘zhuyichuxiong’, curing maggots activities, and so on, by analyzing the Recipes for Fifty-two Ailments written in the Mawangdui Silk Manuscript. The origin and development of this early Chinese medical treatment had an influence on ancient Korea, Japan, and other places. Through this research, we can learn more about the initial development stage of the early traditional medicine in ancient societies of East Asia.

키워드

Mawangdui Silk Manuscript; The Recipes for Fifty-two Ailments; Shamanistic Medical Activities; ‘Zhuyou’ Activities; ‘Zhuyichuxiong’ Activities; Curing Maggots Activities
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