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대학생의 DISC 행동유형에 따른 스트레스 지각, 대처, 대인관계만족도에 관한 연구

A Study on the Perceived Stress, Coping, and Personal Satisfaction according to DISC Behavioral Style of College Students

스트레스연구 2019년 27권 4호 p.423 ~ 431
양승희 ( Yang Seung-Hee ) - 신한대학교 간호학과

Abstract

연구의 목적은 대학생의 DISC 행동유형에 따른 스트레스 지각, 대처 및 대인관계 만족도의 차이를 파악하여 행동유형별 스트레스 대처 및 대인관계만족도를 향상시켜 만족스런 대학생활을 위한 기초자료를 제공하고자 한다. 경기지역 대학생 255명을 대상으로 자가보고형 설문지를 수집하여 분석하였다. 대상자의DISC 행동유형은 신중형이 가장 많고 다음은 사교형, 안정형, 주도형 순으로 나타났다. 스트레스 지각정도는 4점 만점에 2.40점, 대인관계 만족도는 5점 만점에 2.47점이었다. 대처는 소극적 대처보다 문제중심의적극적 대처를 더 많이 사용하였다. DISC 행동유형은 유형별로 특징과 장단점을 가지고 있으므로 학생지도시 학생의 행동유형을 이해하고 강점을 최대화는 것이 필요하다.

Background: College students experience stress related to its demands. Providing adequate resources to improve stress management remains a challenge. Dominance, Influence, Steadiness, Conscientiousness (DISC) is an instrument that accounts for multidimensionality of personality and has been used widely in research and industry. The purpose of this study was to examine DISC behavioral style with perceived stress, coping behavior, and personal satisfaction among college students.

Methods: Data were collected from 255 college students using self-reported questionnaire. Univariate descriptive statistical analysis was performed to explore sociodemographic characteristics of the sample.
Possible association between sociodemographic variables and perceived stress, coping, personal satisfaction were examined using bivariate analysis with T-tests for independent samples and Chi-square. ANOVA was used to assess possible association between DISC profiles and the following three variables: perceived stress, coping, and personal satisfaction. A Scheffe test was performed post hoc to test for differences in DISC behavioral style and measures of perceived stress, coping, and personal satisfaction.

Results: The distribution of DISC behavioral styles were 49.4%, 23.2%, 18.8%, and 8.6% respectively for dominance, influence, steadiness, and conscientiousness. Perceived stress and personal relationship varied significantly with DISC behavioral style (p=.001 and p=.019 respectively). Variation in DISC behavioral style did not demonstrate a significant association with stress coping (p=.383).

Conclusions: Providing stress coping management tailored to DISC behavioral style may be an effective way to improve stress reduction and personal satisfaction among college students.

키워드

DISC 행동유형; 스트레스; 대처; 대인관계만족도
Behavioral style; Stress; Coping; Personal satisfaction
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