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소아의 말소리 장애

Speech-Sound Disorders in Children

임상이비인후과 2019년 30권 2호 p.176 ~ 181
김성태 ( Kim Seong-Tae ) - 동신대학교 언어치료학과

Abstract


Background and Objectives:Speech-sound disorders (SSD) in children is a complex behavioral disorder characterized by speech-sound production errors associated with deficiencies in articulation, phonological pro- cesses, and cognitive language processes. SSDs are widespread in childhood and are accompanied by language disorders, spelling and reading disorders, or dyslexia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the causes, diagnosis and treatment of SSD in children during developmental stages.

Causes:The cause of the SSD is in- creasing research suggesting a genetic cause, and various genetic effects may work in the acquisition process. Similar cognitive linguistic bases of SSD and dyslexia suggest that they share a genetic etiology.

Diagnostic Evaluation:The screening test is a test that identifies a simple question within 5 minutes by mechanical utter- ance, saying a word with a developmental phoneme, selecting a word, and looking at a picture. The deepening test is a secondary test for the purpose of collecting information related to speech therapy, conducts spontane- ous sample analysis and evaluates speech errors according to various phonological environments.

Treat- ments:The treatment of SSD in children can be divided into speech therapy and phonological therapy. In par- ticular, the clinician should first treat the speech of the child’s speech during the SSD treatment that has a stimulus response.

Conclusions:How to solve the SSD in children will be able to solve the speech problem by various research efforts and cooperation of the relevant clinicians.

키워드

말소리장애;조음;언어장애;난독증
Speech-sound disorder; Articulation; Language disorder; Dyslexia
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