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Latest Comprehensive Knowledge of the Crosstalk between TLR Signaling and Mycobacteria and the Antigens Driving the Process

Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 2019년 29권 10호 p.1506 ~ 1521
 ( Kim Jae-Sung ) - Hanyang University Department of Molecular and Life Sciences

 ( Kim Ye-Ram ) - Hanyang University Department of Molecular and Life Sciences
 ( Yang Chul-Su ) - Hanyang University Department of Molecular and Life Sciences

Abstract


Tuberculosis, which is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), is among the most pressing worldwide problems. Mtb uniquely interacts with innate immune cells through various pattern recognition receptors. These interactions initiate several inflammatory pathways that play essential roles in controlling Mtb pathogenesis. Although the TLR signaling pathways have essential roles in numerous host’s immune defense responses, the role of TLR signaling in the response to Mtb infection is still unclear. This review presents discussions on host?Mtb interactions in terms of Mtb-mediated TLR signaling. In addition, we highlight recent discoveries pertaining to these pathways that may help in new immunotherapeutic opportunities.

키워드

Toll-like receptors; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; innate immunity; cytokine; immunomodulatory regulator; immunotherapies
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