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Effect of Increasing Amounts of Ammonium Nitrogen Induced by Consecutive Mixture of Poultry Manure and Cattle Slurry on the Microbial Community during Thermophilic Anaerobic Digestion

Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 2019년 29권 12호 p.1993 ~ 2005
 ( Alsouleman Khulud ) - Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering and Bioeconomy Department Bioengineering

Abstract


Thermophilic anaerobic digestion (TAD) is characterized by higher biogas production rates as a result of assumedly faster microbial metabolic conversion rates compared to mesophilic AD. It was hypothesized that the thermophilic microbiome with its lower diversity than the mesophilic one is more susceptible to disturbances introduced by alterations in the operating factors, as an example, the supply of nitrogen-rich feedstock such as poultry manure (PM). Laboratory scaled TAD experiments using cattle slurry and increasing amounts of PM were carried out to investigate the (in-) stability of the process performance caused by the accumulation of ammonium and ammonia with special emphasis on the microbial community structure and its dynamic variation. The results revealed that the moderate PM addition, i.e., 25% (vol/vol based on volatile substances) PM, resulted in a reorganization of the microbial community structure which was still working sufficiently. With 50% PM application, the microbial community was further stepwise re-organized and was able to compensate for the high cytotoxic ammonia contents only for a short time resulting in consequent process disturbance and final process failure. This study demonstrated the ability of the acclimated thermophilic microbial community to tolerate a certain amount of nitrogen-rich substrate.

키워드

Ammonia inhibition; biogas; microbiome; process disturbance
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