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A Review on Structure, Modifications and Structure-Activity Relation of Quercetin and Its Derivatives

Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 2020년 30권 1호 p.11 ~ 20
 ( Magar Rubin Thapa ) - Sunmoon University Department of Life Science and Biochemical Engineering

송재경 ( Sohng Jae-Kyung ) - Sunmoon University Department of Life Science and Biochemical Engineering

Abstract


Quercetin and its derivatives are important metabolites that belong to the flavonol class of flavonoids. Quercetin and some of the conjugates have been approved by the FDA for human use. They are widely distributed among plants and have various biological activities, such as being anticancer, antiviral, and antioxidant. Hence, the biosynthesis of novel derivatives is an important field of research. Glycosylation and methylation are two important modification strategies that have long been used and have resulted in many novel metabolites that are not present in natural sources. A strategy for modifying quercetin in E. coli by means of glycosylation, for example, involves overexpressing respective glycosyltransferases (GTs) in the host and metabolic engineering for increasing nucleoside diphosphate sugar (NDP sugar). Still others have used microorganisms other than E. coli, such as Streptomyces sp., for the biotransformation process. The overall study of the structural activity relationship has revealed that modification of some residues in quercetin decreased one activity but increased others. This review summarizes all of the information mentioned above.

키워드

Quercetin; glycosylation; methylation; biotransformation
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