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Improving Catalytic Efficiency and Changing Substrate Spectrum for Asymmetric Biocatalytic Reductive Amination

Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 2020년 30권 1호 p.146 ~ 154
 ( Jiang Wei ) - Huaqiao University College of Chemical Engineering Department of Bioengineering and Biotechnology

 ( Wang Yali ) - University of Washington Department of Biochemistry

Abstract


With the advantages of biocatalytic method, enzymes have been excavated for the synthesis of chiral amino acids by the reductive amination of ketones, offering a promising way of producing pharmaceutical intermediates. In this work, a robust phenylalanine dehydrogenase (PheDH) with wide substrate spectrum and high catalytic efficiency was constructed through rational design and active-site-targeted, site-specific mutagenesis by using the parent enzyme from Bacillus halodurans. Active sites with bonding substrate and amino acid residues surrounding the substrate binding pocket, 49L-50G-51G, 74M,77K, 122G-123T-124D-125M, 275N, 305L and 308V of the PheDH, were identified. Noticeably, the new mutant PheDH (E113D-N276L) showed approximately 6.06-fold increment of kcat/Km in the oxidative deamination and more than 1.58-fold in the reductive amination compared to that of the wide type. Meanwhile, the PheDHs exhibit high capacity of accepting benzylic and aliphatic ketone substrates. The broad specificity, high catalytic efficiency and selectivity, along with excellent thermal stability, render these broad-spectrum enzymes ideal targets for further development with potential diagnostic reagent and pharmaceutical compounds applications.

키워드

Chiral compounds; asymmetric catalysis; substrate spectrum; biocatalysis; rational design; substrate binding pocket
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