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The Differences between Luminal Microbiota and Mucosal Microbiota in Mice

Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 2020년 30권 2호 p.287 ~ 295
 ( Wu Minna ) - Xinxiang Medical University School of Basic Medical Science

 ( Li Puze ) - Xinxiang Medical University School of Basic Medical Science
 ( Li Jianmin ) - Xinxiang Medical University School of Basic Medical Science
 ( An Yunying ) - Xinxiang Medical University School of Basic Medical Science
 ( Wang Mingyong ) - Xinxiang Medical University Henan Collaborative Innovation Center of Molecular Diagnosis and Laboratory Medicine
 ( Zhong Genshen ) - Xinxiang Medical University Henan Collaborative Innovation Center of Molecular Diagnosis and Laboratory Medicine

Abstract


The differences between luminal microbiota (LM) and mucosal microbiota (MAM) were little known, especially in duodenum. In this study, LM and MAM in colon and duodenum of mice were investigated through 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing. The lowest bacterial diversity and evenness were observed in duodenal LM (D_LM), followed by duodenal MAM (D_MAM). Meanwhile, the bacterial diversity and evenness were obviously increased in D_MAM than these in D_LM, while no significant difference was observed between colonic MAM (C_MAM) and colonic LM (C_LM). PCoA analysis also showed that bacterial communities of LM and MAM in duodenum were completely separated, while these in colon overlapped partly. The ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes (F/B) in D_MAM was significantly higher than that in D_LM. Lactobacillus was largely enriched and was the characteristic bacteria in D_LM. The characteristic bacteria in D_MAM were Turicibacter, Parasutterella, Marvinbryantia and Bifidobacterium, while in C_LM they were Ruminiclostridium_6, Ruminiclostridium_9, Ruminococcaceae_UCG_007 and Lachnospiraceae_UCG_010, and in C_MAM they were Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136, Mucispirillum, Alistipes, Ruminiclostridium and Odoribacter. The networks showed that more interactions existed in colonic microbiota (24 nodes and 74 edges) than in duodenal microbiota (17 nodes and 29 edges). The 16S rDNA function prediction results indicated that bigger differences of function exist between LM and MAM in duodenum than these in colon. In conclusion, microbiota from intestinal luminal content and mucosa were different both in colon and in duodenum, and bacteria in colon interacted with each other much more closely than those in duodenum.

키워드

Luminal microbiota; mucosal microbiota; sequencing; duodenum; colon
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