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산욕기 산모의 유방간호에 대한 체계적 문헌고찰

A Systematic Review of Breast Care for Postpartum Mothers

여성건강간호학회지 2019년 25권 3호 p.258 ~ 272
송지아 ( Song Ji-Ah ) - 건양대학교 간호학과

허명행 ( Hur Myung-Haeng ) - 을지대학교 간호학과

Abstract


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify nursing interventions for the postpartum breast care of mothers and determine the effectiveness of interventions for breast pain and engorgement by systematic review.

Methods: Eight national and international databases were reviewed to retrieve and collect randomized controlled trial and controlled clinical trial literature published up to March 2015. Two reviewers independently selected the studies and performed data abstraction and validation. The risk of bias was assessed using Cochrane criteria. A meta-analysis of the studies was performed to analyze the data.

Results: The meta-analysis showed that breast massage, along with routine breast care, resulted in a 3.52-point reduction in pain on a 10-point visual analogue scale. Meta-analysis of therapy with cold cabbage leaves and routine breast care showed a pain reduction of 0.54 points. Meta-analysis of cold cabbage leaf application in the experimental group versus cold compress therapy in the comparison group showed a pain reduction of 0.44 points. Meta-analysis of cold cabbage leaf application and routine breast care showed an engorgement reduction of 0.67 points.

Conclusion: The results of the analysis of 12 articles showed that hot and cold compresses, breast massage, and cabbage application were effective for postpartum breast pain and engorgement.

키워드

산욕기 산모; 유방간호; 유방통증; 유방울혈; 체계적 문헌고찰
Postpartum; Breast nursing care; Breast pain; Breast hyperemia; Systematic review
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