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대학생의 대인관계 능력 관련요인: 스마트폰 중독 경향의 매개효과 분석

Factors associated with Interpersonal Relationship Ability of Undergraduates: A Mediation Analysis of Smartphone Addiction Tendenc

정신간호학회지 2019년 28권 3호 p.259 ~ 270
권은정 ( Kwon Eun-Jung ) - 성남시중독관리통합지원센터

한금선 ( Han Kuem-Sun ) - 고려대학교 간호대학

Abstract


Purpose: The aims of this study were to evaluate a hypothetical model explaining undergraduates’ interpersonal relationship ability associated with the stress of life, self-esteem, and their communication ability and to identify the mediating effect of a smartphone addiction tendency on the identified associations.

Methods: Data were collected from 201 undergraduates using a structured questionnaire from August to September 2017. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and structural equation modeling with SPSS AMOS 22.0.

Results: The participants’ interpersonal relationship ability was 65.9%, explained by the stress of life, self-esteem, communication ability, and smartphone addiction tendency. The factors of undergraduates’ interpersonal relationship ability were self-esteem (β=.10, p<.01) and communication ability (β=.14, p<.001). Stress of life (β=.15, p<.01) directly affected the participants’ smartphone addiction tendency, which was not associated with interpersonal relationship ability.
Conclusion: Based on our study findings, self-esteem and communication ability should be considered for developing nursing interventions to improve interpersonal relationship ability. However, a smartphone addiction tendency may be managed for undergraduates who experience excessive stress of life rather than interpersonal relationship ability. Thus, a tailored approach targeting specific needs or competence should be developed based on our data-based framework.

키워드

대인관계; 스마트폰; 중독 행동; 심리적 스트레스; 학생
Interpersonal relations; Smartphone; Behavior; Addictive; Stress; Psychological; Students
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