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자기결정성 이론에 근거한 기본심리욕구가 입원한 알코올 사용장애 환자의 재기태도에 미치는 관련성

Association of Basic Psychological Needs with Recovery Attitude in Inpatients with Alcohol Use Disorders based on the Self-Determination Theory

정신간호학회지 2019년 28권 4호 p.344 ~ 352
이재운 ( Lee Jae-Woon ) - 국립부곡병원 간호과

강기노 ( Kang Ki-Noh ) - 마산대학교 간호학과

Abstract


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of autonomy, competence, and relationship on the recovery attitude of inpatients with alcohol use disorder.

Methods: This descriptive correlational study was based on the basic psychological needs theory, which is a sub-theory of self-determination theory (SDT). Study participants were 158 inpatients with alcohol use disorder from four mental hospitals in two areas. Data were collected from self-report questionnaires administered in September and October 2019. Data were analyzed using the t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and the multiple linear regression with IBM SPSS 22.0.

Results: Recovery attitude showed a positive correlation with autonomy (r=.62, p<.001), competence (r=.40, p<.001), and relationship (r=.33, p<.001). The results of the regression indicate the autonomy and competence explained 39% of the recovery attitude (R2=.40, F=51.04, p<.001).

Conclusion: The results suggest that autonomy and competence play integral roles in the recovery attitude of inpatients with alcohol use disorders. Thus, mental health practitioners should develop psychological need-based interventions to improve the autonomy, competence, and recovery attitude of inpatients’ with alcohol use disorder.

키워드

알코올중독; 보건서비스 욕구와 수요; 입원; 정신건강회복; 동기
Alcoholism; Health services needs and demand; Hospitalization; Mental health recovery; Motivation
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