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소방공무원의 건강 관련 삶의 질 관련 요인

Factors associated with the Health-related Quality of Life of Firefighters

정신간호학회지 2019년 28권 4호 p.353 ~ 361
양승경 ( Yang Seung-Kyoung ) - 경남대학교 간호학과

Abstract


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships among occupational identity, social support, posttraumatic growth, and health-related quality of life regarding firefighters.

Methods: The study was conducted with 149 firefighters working at two fire stations in South Gyeongsang Province. Data were collected between August and September 2018. There were four research instruments in the structured survey, including the occupational identity scale, social support scale, Korea Posttraumatic Growth Inventory and World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Instrument.

Results: As a result, the quality of life of firefighters was positively correlated with social support, occupational identity, and posttraumatic growth. The factors associated with the quality of life of firefighters were social support (β=.36, p<.001), and occupational identity (β=.31, p<.001). The total explanatory power of these variables was 53.1%.

Conclusion: To improve the health-related quality of life of firefighters based on the results of this study, it is necessary to develop support programs to strengthen social support and occupational identity.

키워드

소방공무원; 삶의 질; 직업; 사회적 지지; 심리적 외상 후 성장
Firefighters; Quality of life; Occupations; Social support; Posttraumatic growth; Psychological
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