잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

노인의 자살생각 관련요인: 일 지역 전수 조사

Factors associated with Suicidal Ideation of Elderly People based on Complete Enumeration of a Community Setting

정신간호학회지 2019년 28권 4호 p.393 ~ 403
이수정 ( Lee Soo-Jung ) - 경남대학교 간호학과

이은주 ( Lee Eun-Joo ) - 경남대학교 간호학과

Abstract


Purpose: The purposes of this study were to investigate relationships of depression, hopelessness, self-esteem, and social support with suicide ideation and to identify factors associated with suicidal ideation of elderly people.

Methods: A descriptive correlational study was conducted with 100 elderly people residing in a community setting. Data were collected in September 2019 through structured questionnaires to assess depression, hopelessness, self-esteem, social support, and suicide ideation. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA with Scheffe? test, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and hierarchical regression analyses.

Results: Presence of spouse (t=-3.32, p<.001), satisfaction in children relationships (F=3.56, p=.032), overall life assessment (F=3.94, p=.023), and pain/ill-being (t=-2.04, p=.043) showed significant differences in suicidal ideation. Suicidal ideation and self-esteem were negatively correlated (r=-.49, p<.001). Depression and suicidal ideation(r=.56, p<.001) and hopelessness and suicidal ideation (r=.49, p<.001) were positively correlated. Factors of suicidal ideation of elderly people were depression (β=.36, p=.017) and self-esteem (β=-.21, p=.046), that explained 30.1% of the total variance in the proposed model.

Conclusion: A community intervention programs for preventing suicide among elderly people should include nursing strategies about depression and self-esteem. In addition, partnership with elder’s spouse could be helpful to reduce suicidal ideation.

키워드

노인; 자살; 우울; 자기 개념
Aged; Suicide; Depression; Self concept
원문 및 링크아웃 정보
등재저널 정보