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즉각적인 뒤넙다리근 편심성 운동과 정적 스트레칭이 몸통 전방 굽힘에 미치는 영향

The Immediate Effects of Hamstring Eccentric Exercise and Static Stretching on Trunk Forward Bending

한국전문물리치료학회지 2019년 26권 3호 p.32 ~ 41
김태은 ( Kim Tae-Eun ) - 효성시티병원 물리치료실

최보람 ( Choi Bo-Ram ) - 신라대학교 보건복지대학 물리치료학과

Abstract


Background: Limitations in hip flexion caused by tight hamstrings lead to excessive lumbar flexion and low back pain. Accordingly, many studies have examined how to stretch the hamstring muscle. However, no study has focused on the effect of hamstring eccentric exercise for tight hamstrings on trunk forward bending.

Objects: We compared the short-term effect of hamstring eccentric exercise (HEE) and hamstring static stretching (HSS) on trunk forward bending in individuals with tight hamstrings.

Methods: Thirty individuals with tight hamstrings participated in the study. The subjects were randomly allocated to either a HEE or HSS group. To determine whether the hamstrings were tight, the active knee extension (AKE) test was performed, and the degree of hip flexion was measured. To assess trunk forward bending, subjects performed the fingertip to floor (FTF) and modified modified Schober tests, and the degree of trunk forward bending was measured using an inclinometer. We used paired t-tests to compare the values before and after exercise in each group and independent t-tests to compare the two groups on various measures

Results: The FTF test results were improved significantly after the exercise in both groups, and AKE for both legs increased significantly in both groups. There was no significant difference in the hip angles, mmS test results, or degree of trunk forward bending between groups after the exercise. No test results differed significantly between the two groups at baseline or after the exercise. Both groups increased hamstring flexibility and trunk forward bending.

Conclusion: HSS and the HEE groups increased hamstring flexibility and trunk forward bending. However, HEE has additional benefits, such as injury prevention and muscle strengthening.

키워드

Trunk forward bending; Hamstring eccentric exercise; Hamstring static stretching
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