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골다공증의 약물치료

Pharmacological treatment of osteoporosis

대한의사협회지 2019년 62권 10호 p.542 ~ 550
전성욱 ( Chun Sung-Wook ) - 인제대학교 의과대학 해운대백병원 산부인과

Abstract


Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder characterized by compromised bone strength resulting in a predisposition to fracture. Osteoporosis-related fractures can lead to pain, disability, and increased healthcare costs. This study aimed to explore different pharmacological treatments for osteoporosis. Various treatments are used to prevent and treat osteoporosis, particularly in postmenopausal women and elderly men, but the approach needs to be individually tailored. Bisphosphonates are most commonly used to treat osteoporosis. Bisphosphonates and denosumab are mainly used during the initial phase of therapy for most patients with osteoporosis, including those with a high risk of fracture. In younger postmenopausal women, menopausal hormone therapy (including tibolone) and selective estrogen receptor modulators may be considered as alternatives for fracture prevention. Parathyroid hormone therapy is recommended for osteoporosis treatment in elderly patients with an increased risk of multiple vertebral fractures. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the mainstay for monitoring the treatment response, and clinicians may consider alternative treatments if a significant decrease in bone mineral density is detected (using DXA or bone turnover markers) or if recurrent fractures occur during treatment. For postmenopausal women undergoing long-term bisphosphonate treatment, the risk of fracture should be reassessed after 3 to 5 years, and a “drug holiday” should be considered if the risk of fracture is low-to-moderate. Therapy should be continued for patients who continue to exhibit a high risk of fracture, or alternatively, switching to other treatments may be considered.

키워드

골다공증; 골절; 약물치료
Osteoporosis; Fracture; Pharmacotherapy
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