medric medric
[닫기]
잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

MicroRNA-455-3p promotes TGF-β signaling and inhibits osteoarthritis development by directly targeting PAK2

Experimental & Molecular Medicine 2019년 51권 10호 p.118 ~ 118
 ( Hu Shu ) - Sun Yat-Sen University First Affiliated Hospital Department of Joint Surgery

 ( Zhao Xiaoyi ) - Sun Yat-Sen University First Affiliated Hospital Department of Joint Surgery
 ( Mao Guping ) - Sun Yat-Sen University First Affiliated Hospital Department of Joint Surgery
 ( Zhang Ziji ) - Sun Yat-Sen University First Affiliated Hospital Department of Joint Surgery
 ( Wen Xingzhao ) - Sun Yat-Sen University First Affiliated Hospital Department of Joint Surgery
 ( Zhang Chengyun ) - Sun Yat-Sen University First Affiliated Hospital Department of Joint Surgery
 ( Liao Weiming ) - Sun Yat-Sen University First Affiliated Hospital Department of Joint Surgery
 ( Zhang Zhiqi ) - Sun Yat-Sen University First Affiliated Hospital Department of Joint Surgery

Abstract


MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miR) play a key role in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). Few studies have examined the regulatory role of P21-activated kinases (PAKs), a family of serine/threonine kinases, in OA. The aim of this study was to determine whether miR-455-3p can regulate cartilage degeneration in OA by targeting PAK2. MiR-455-3p knockout mice showed significant degeneration of the knee cartilage. MiR-455-3p expression increased and PAK2 expression decreased in the late stage of human adipose-derived stem cell (hADSC) chondrogenesis and in chondrocytes affected by OA. Furthermore, in both miR-455-3p-overexpressing chondrocytes and PAK2-suppressing chondrocytes, cartilage-specific genes were upregulated, and hypertrophy-related genes were downregulated. A luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-455-3p regulates PAK2 expression by directly targeting the 3′-untranslated regions (3′UTRs) of PAK2 mRNA. IPA-3, a PAK inhibitor, inhibited cartilage degeneration due to OA. Moreover, suppressing PAK2 promoted R-Smad activation in the TGF/Smad signaling pathway in chondrocytes. Altogether, our results suggest that miR-455-3p promotes TGF-β/Smad signaling in chondrocytes and inhibits cartilage degeneration by directly suppressing PAK2. These results thus indicate that miR-455-3p and PAK2 are novel potential therapeutic agents and targets, respectively, for the treatment of OA.

키워드

miRNAs; Osteoarthritis
원문 및 링크아웃 정보
 
등재저널 정보