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가족 동반여부에 따른 학령기 아동 및 청소년 아침식사의 질: 2013-2014년 국민건강영양조사자료를 바탕으로

Nutritional Quality of Breakfast among Korean School-Aged Children and Adolescents Depending on Eating Together as a Family: Based on the Data from the 2013-2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey

한국식생활문화학회지 2019년 34권 4호 p.378 ~ 388
홍정민 ( Hong Jeong-Min ) - 서울대학교 식품영양학과

김미영 ( Kim Mee-Young ) - 서울대학교 식품영양학과
윤지현 ( Yoon Ji-Hyun ) - 서울대학교 식품영양학과
김소영 ( Kim So-Young ) - 순천향대학교 식품영양학과

Abstract


This study aimed to assess the nutritional quality of breakfast among Korean school-aged children and adolescentsdepending on eating together as a family, based on the 2013-2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey. One day24-hour recall data of 1,831 children and adolescents aged from 6 to 17 years were collected. The nutritional quality ofbreakfast was analyzed and compared between Family Breakfast Group (FBG, n=1,410) and Eating-alone Breakfast Group(EBG, n=421). The results showed that age, family structure, number of family members, and frequency of breakfast wereassociated with eating breakfast as a family. The calorie intake from breakfast explained 19% and 16% of the daily intakefor FBG and EBG, respectively. The percentages of children and adolescents consuming Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2,Vitamin C, Niacin, and Iron less than 1/4 of the Estimated Average Requirements were significantly lower in FBG than inEBG. The average numbers of serving for “Grains” and “Vegetables” food groups and the average Dietary Diversity Scorewere significantly higher in FBG than in EBG. Overall, the results indicated that eating breakfast as a family is positivelyassociated with nutritional quality of breakfast among Korean school-aged children and adolescents.

키워드

Family meal; eating alone; breakfast; diet quality; nutrition survey
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