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Evaluation of Dietary Quality and Nutritional Status based on Nutrition Quotient and Health Functional Food Intake in the Korea Elderly

한국식생활문화학회지 2019년 34권 4호 p.474 ~ 485
김민주 ( Kim Min-Ju ) - 가천대학교 교육대학원 영양교육

엄미향 ( Um Mi-Hyang ) - 가천대학교 교육대학원 영양교육
계승희 ( Kye Seung-Hee ) - 가천대학교 교육대학원 영양교육


This study aim to evaluate dietary quality and nutritional status according to the consumption of health functional foodusing Nutrition Quotient for Korean elderly (NQ-E) for 288 elderly people attending senior welfare centers in Gyeonggi-do.
The questionnaire consisted of items about general information, health functional food, and Nutrition Quotient for Koreanelderly (NQ-E). Chi-squared test, Fisher's exact tests, and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) were performed using the SASprogram ver. 9.4. Among the male and female subjects, the female subjects consumed more health functional food. Theresults of the dietary quality and nutritional status difference according to the intake of health functional food showedsignificant differences only in the areas of variety and abstinence among nutrition quotient factors for men, while nosignificant differences were observed in any of the nutrition quotient factors for women. In conclusion, focused-nutritioneducation program and useful guideline is needed for promoting adequate consumption of health functional foods inelderly.


Health functional food; elderly; Nutrition Quotient (NQ-E); nutrition education
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